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Amphotericin B (AMB) is a polyene macrolide antibiotic used for treating invasive fungal infections. Liposomal AMB (L-AMB) is a lipid dosage form which reduces the side effects and toxicity of the drug. The quantitation of free AMB (F-AMB) and L-AMB in vivo is important to monitor quality control of the liposomal formulation and to ensure its safety during clinical use. In this study, an original strategy was developed to separately determine F-AMB and L-AMB in rat plasma using LC-MS/MS. F-AMB was analyzed after separation by solid phase extraction, total AMB (T-AMB) was determined after protein precipitation and L-AMB was determined by difference. The method was fully validated. Calibration curves were linear in the ranges 0.7-120 μg/mL for T-AMB and 0.2-20 μg/mL for F-AMB. Accuracy and precision results were within acceptable variability limits, recoveries were consistent and reproducible, matrix effects were insignificant and analytes were stable under all the storage conditions tested. The method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study in rats administered a single intravenous 6 mg/kg dose of L-AMB. The method will allow further clinical studies of L-AMB and provide useful technical support for the assay of other liposomal drug formulations.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis
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Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.
An extraction method that separates analytes using a solid phase and a liquid phase. It is used for preparative sample cleanup before analysis by CHROMATOGRAPHY and other analytical methods.
Ionized gases, consisting of free electrons and ionized atoms or molecules which collectively behave differently than gas, solid, or liquid. Plasma gases are used in biomedical fields in surface modification; biological decontamination; dentistry (e.g., PLASMA ARC DENTAL CURING LIGHTS); and in other treatments (e.g., ARGON PLASMA COAGULATION).
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