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Interferon-γ is a proinflammatory cytokine, and its production is related with effective host defense against intracellular pathogens. Therefore, the level of interferon-γ is considered a good biomarker for intracellular infections. It is also useful for the assessment, treatment progression and follow-up of non-communicable diseases, including cancer and autoimmune disorders, among others. This work addresses the development of a novel interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) to evaluate the expression of interferon-γ transcripts as biomarker produced by isolated T cells, as a main advantage. The method sequentially combined three different types of magnetic separation, including the immunomagnetic separation of the T cells performed on antiCD3 modified magnetic particles, the retrotranscription and multiplex double-tagging PCR on polydT-modified magnetic particles and, finally, the electrochemical genosensing on streptavidin magnetic particles as a support. This approach is able to quantify the levels of cellular interferon-γ produced by as low as 150 T cells with outstanding analytical features. The detection of interferon-γ transcripts is performed from only 100 μL of whole blood which can be potentially obtained by fingerprick, demonstrating a further clear advantage to be considered as a promising strategy for the quantification of this important biomarker in several clinical applications.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biosensors & bioelectronics
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The assay of INTERFERON-GAMMA released from lymphocytes after their exposure to a specific test antigen, to check for IMMUNOLOGIC MEMORY resulting from a previous exposure to the antigen. The amount of interferon-gamma released is usually assayed by an ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY.
The major interferon produced by mitogenically or antigenically stimulated LYMPHOCYTES. It is structurally different from TYPE I INTERFERON and its major activity is immunoregulation. It has been implicated in the expression of CLASS II HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in cells that do not normally produce them, leading to AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
Specific molecular sites or structures on or in cells with which interferons react or to which they bind in order to modify the function of the cells. Interferons exert their pleiotropic effects through two different receptors. alpha- and beta-interferon crossreact with common receptors, while gamma-interferon initiates its biological effects through its own specific receptor system.
A type II interferon produced by recombinant DNA technology. It is similar to the interferon secreted by lymphocytes and has antiviral and antineoplastic activity.
An interferon regulatory factor that recruits STAT1 PROTEIN and STAT2 PROTEIN heterodimers to interferon-stimulated response elements and functions as an immediate-early protein.
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
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