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Breast cancer is most frequently diagnosed cancer and fifth leading cause of death in women. About 20-30% of all breast cancers overexpress HER2/neu receptors. Lapatinib is a dual tyrosin kinase inhibitor of EGFR and HER2. It exhibits its anticancer effect via blocking intracellular domain of HER2 receptor in breast cancer. Lapatinib belongs to class II of BSC classification due to its poor solubility restricting its clinical application. Due to presence of HER2 receptor on cardiomyocytes, it is associated with generation of cardiotoxicity. The present study was aimed to design a PEGylated liposomal formulation of Lapatinib and evaluate its anticancer potential. Lapatinib liposomes were prepared using lipid layer hydration method and its characterization was done by determining its particle size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency and in vitro release profiling. The anti-tumor activity of PEGylated liposomal formulation was evaluated in xenografted tumor induced by MDA-MB-453 breast cancer cells in chick embryos. The anti-tumor effect of lapatinib was enhanced by its PEGylated liposomal preparation as it led to the reduction in tumor size to a greater extent compared to the embryos treated with free lapatinib. Flowcytometric analysis and immunofluroscence study using cleaved PARP antibody demonstrated the enhaced apoptotic potential of PEGylated liposomes of lapatonib. SGOT levels, marker for cardiotoxicity and hepatotoxicity, significantly decreased in serum of embryos treated with PEGylated liposmes of lapatinib compared to free drug treated embryos. Hence, the PEGylated liposomal formulation of lapatininb can be used as a therapeutic strategy against HER2 positive breast cancer either alone or in combination with conventional anticancer agents and hormonal therapies.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
The human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer with overexpression of HER2 accounts for approximately 25% of breast cancers and is more aggressive than other types of breas...
The extravasation of chemotherapeutic agents is a challenge for oncologic care teams. The management of nonliposomal (conventional) anthracyclines is well established in clinical practice guidelines, ...
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A Study of Neratinib Plus Capecitabine Versus Lapatinib Plus Capecitabine in Patients With HER2+ Metastatic Breast Cancer Who Have Received Two or More Prior HER2 Directed Regimens in the Metastatic Setting
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A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.
An approach, process, or methodology which emphasizes credible evidence and the best available scientific knowledge, judiciously integrated to achieve the best possible outcomes in structural design. For example, the design of a new OUTPATIENT CLINIC might incorporate a review of published research on outpatient clinic design, decisions on similar past projects, along with interviews with staff and consumers.
Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...