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Irinotecan (CPT-11) in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5FU) is widely used in the treatment of colorectal cancer. We assessed potential clinical variables that may predict toxicity and more specifically the role of UGT1A1 polymorphisms associated with irinotecan toxicity. We used data from the PETACC3 trial, which randomised patients in adjuvant setting to 6 months of leucovorin (LV) and 5FU (LV5/FU2) or LV5/FU2 + irinotecan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression is associated with increased tumor invasiveness and proliferation in C...
Recent approaches in treating pancreatic adenocarcinoma, an aggressive disease with limited survival, include the use of liposomal irinotecan as an option when first-line therapy has failed. Liposomal...
Over the past two decades, knowledge of the role and clinical value of pharmacogenetic markers has expanded so that individualized pre-emptive therapy based on genetic background of patients could be ...
Purpose In 2016, ASCO published a guideline to assist in clinical decision making in metastatic pancreatic cancer for initial assessment after diagnosis, first- and second-line treatment options, pall...
Several antiretroviral drugs used to treat infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are substrates of enzymes belonging to the cytochrome P450 (CYP) superfamily, which are polymorphically...
This study intends to optimize a fluorouracil/irinotecan chemotherapy regimen by the identification of individual thymidylate synthase (TS) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1 (UGT1A1) polym...
The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and toxicity of a 2 weekly regimen containing irinotecan combined with leucovorin-modified 5-fluorouracil in the setting of relapsed o...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stoppin...
This 2 arm study will compare the resection rate of liver metastases and safety of surgery in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer and primarily unresectable liver metastases receivi...
This phase II trial will compare the efficacy and toxicity of the combination of Irinotecan and Oxaliplatin versus 5-FU/LV and Oxaliplatin as first line treatment in patients with locally ...
The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.
An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.
A work that reports on the results of a research study to evaluate interventions or exposures on biomedical or health-related outcomes. The two main types of clinical studies are interventional studies (clinical trials) and observational studies. While most clinical studies concern humans, this publication type may be used for clinical veterinary articles meeting the requisites for humans.
Work that consists of a conference of physicians on their observations of a patient at the bedside, regarding the physical state, laboratory and other diagnostic findings, clinical manifestations, results of current therapy, etc. A clinical conference usually ends with a confirmation or correction of clinical findings by a pathological diagnosis performed by a pathologist. "Clinical conference" is often referred to as a "clinico-pathological conference."
A vocabulary database of universal identifiers for laboratory and clinical test results. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. It is produced by the Regenstrief Institute. (LOINC and RELMA [Internet]. Indianapolis: The Regenstrief Institute; c1995-2001 [cited 2002 Apr 2]. Available from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc)
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...