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Facial Gender Confirmation Surgery: Facial Feminization Surgery and Facial Masculinization Surgery.

08:00 EDT 1st July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Facial Gender Confirmation Surgery: Facial Feminization Surgery and Facial Masculinization Surgery."

Facial feminization surgery was pioneered in the 1980s to provide options for trans women who were having difficulty with their outward appearance. This process presented a novel application of craniofacial surgery at the time. This text outlines the basic differences between male and female facial morphology, as well as the procedures we use to feminize the face.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Clinics in plastic surgery
ISSN: 1558-0504
Pages: 323-331

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Severe or complete loss of facial muscle motor function. This condition may result from central or peripheral lesions. Damage to CNS motor pathways from the cerebral cortex to the facial nuclei in the pons leads to facial weakness that generally spares the forehead muscles. FACIAL NERVE DISEASES generally results in generalized hemifacial weakness. NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause facial paralysis or paresis.

Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.

The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and salivary glands, and convey afferent information for taste from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue and for touch from the external ear.

Neuralgic syndromes and other conditions which feature chronic or recurrent FACIAL PAIN as the primary manifestation of disease. Disorders of the trigeminal and facial nerves are frequently associated with these conditions.

Diseases of the facial nerve or nuclei. Pontine disorders may affect the facial nuclei or nerve fascicle. The nerve may be involved intracranially, along its course through the petrous portion of the temporal bone, or along its extracranial course. Clinical manifestations include facial muscle weakness, loss of taste from the anterior tongue, hyperacusis, and decreased lacrimation.

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