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Whole-genome sequencing unveiled host and environment-related insights to Shigella sonnei transmission within cyclic epidemics during 2000-2012 in Israel. The Israeli reservoir contains isolates belonging to S. sonnei lineage III but of different origin, shows loss of tetracycline resistance genes, and little genetic variation within the O antigen: highly relevant for Shigella vaccine development.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Emerging infectious diseases
Shigella sonnei is responsible for the majority of shigellosis infections in the United States with over 500,000 cases reported annually. Here we present the complete genome of the clinical multidrug ...
The first case of Shigella-associated acalculous cholecystitis is described. A 27-year-old woman presented to hospital with diarrhoea and acute acalculous cholecystitis one day after return to Austral...
This study provided a system for bacteria detection based on a lysosome-like-vacuole response in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Vacuoles are factors known to activate the immune system in the pre...
The anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus on Shigella sonnei and Vibrio cholerae interaction with intestinal epithelial cells: A comparison between invasive and non-invasive bacteria.
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the attachment, invasion, and interaction of Shigella sonnei and Vibrio cholerae with Caco-2 epithelial cells. Also, the...
Outbreaks associated with untreated recreational water can be caused by pathogens, toxins, or chemicals in fresh water (e.g., lakes, rivers) or marine water (e.g., ocean). During 2000-2014, public hea...
Development of an S. sonnei human challenge model using a newly manufactured lyophilized lot of S. sonnei strain 53G (Lot 1794) that can be used in the future as a challenge strain for all...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and the immunogenicity of two different doses of the GVGH S. sonnei vaccine in healthy adults and represents the first step towards test...
Background: The incidence of postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) was reported to be in the range of 5-30%, but limited number of long-term follow-up results. Objective: To in...
A Study to Evaluate Safety and Immunogenicity of 1 Booster Dose of 1790GAHB Vaccine in Healthy Adults Primed With 3 Doses of 1790GAHB Vaccine in Study H03_01TP Compared to 1 Vaccination of 1790GAHB in Either Subjects Who Received Placebo in the Same Study
GVGH Shigella Sonnei 1970GAHB is a vaccine aimed at preventing the disease caused by Shigella sonnei. A post-hoc analysis of subjects who participated in the parent study showed significa...
Shigellosis remains a serious and frequent disease throughout the world. Development of vaccines has been difficult because shigellae are habitants of and pathogens for humans only and th...
DYSENTERY caused by gram-negative rod-shaped enteric bacteria (ENTEROBACTERIACEAE), most often by the genus SHIGELLA. Shigella dysentery, Shigellosis, is classified into subgroups according to syndrome severity and the infectious species. Group A: SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE (severest); Group B: SHIGELLA FLEXNERI; Group C: SHIGELLA BOYDII; and Group D: SHIGELLA SONNEI (mildest).
A lactose-fermenting bacterium causing dysentery.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
N-(1-Oxobutyl)-cyclic 3',5'-(hydrogen phosphate)-2'-butanoate guanosine. A derivative of cyclic GMP. It has a higher resistance to extracellular and intracellular phosphodiesterase than cyclic GMP.
A long-acting derivative of cyclic AMP. It is an activator of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, but resistant to degradation by cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...