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Gene expression profiling in human corticotrope tumors reveals distinct, neuroendocrine profiles.

08:00 EDT 19th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Gene expression profiling in human corticotrope tumors reveals distinct, neuroendocrine profiles."

ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas give rise to a severe endocrinological disorder, i.e., Cushing's disease, with multifaceted clinical presentation and treatment outcomes. Experimental studies suggested that disease variability is inherent to the pituitary tumor, thus pointing to the need for further studies into tumor biology. Aim of the present study was to evaluate transcriptome expression pattern in a large series of ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma specimens, in order to identify molecular signatures of these tumors. Gene expression profiling of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens from 40 human ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas revealed significant expression of genes involved in protein biosynthesis and ribosomal function, in keeping with neuroendocrine cell profile. Unsupervised cluster analysis identified three distinct gene profile clusters and several genes were uniquely overexpressed in a given cluster, accounting for different molecular signatures. Of note, gene expression profiles were associated with clinical features such as age and size of the tumor. Altogether, our study shows that corticotrope tumors are characterized by neuroendocrine gene expression profile and present subgroup-specific molecular features. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of neuroendocrinology
ISSN: 1365-2826
Pages: e12628

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.

The expression of a gene in an abnormal place, or at an abnormal time in an organism. Ectopic Gene Expression is often induced artificially by genetic techniques.

A form of gene interaction whereby the expression of one gene interferes with or masks the expression of a different gene or genes. Genes whose expression interferes with or masks the effects of other genes are said to be epistatic to the effected genes. Genes whose expression is affected (blocked or masked) are hypostatic to the interfering genes.

Techniques used to add in exogenous gene sequence such as mutated genes; REPORTER GENES, to study mechanisms of gene expression; or regulatory control sequences, to study effects of temporal changes to GENE EXPRESSION.

The number of copies of a given gene present in the cell of an organism. An increase in gene dosage (by GENE DUPLICATION for example) can result in higher levels of gene product formation. GENE DOSAGE COMPENSATION mechanisms result in adjustments to the level GENE EXPRESSION when there are changes or differences in gene dosage.

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