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Recruitment maneuver and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can be used to counteract intraoperative anesthesia-induced atelectasis. Variable ventilation can stabilize lung mechanics by avoiding the monotonic tidal volume and protect lung parenchyma as tidal recruitment is encompassed within the tidal volume variability.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anesthesia and analgesia
De-recruitment of airspaces in the lung occurs when airways close during exhalation, and is related to ventilation heterogeneity and symptoms in asthma. The forced oscillation technique has been used ...
Partial liquid ventilation is proposed as an alternative ventilation strategy to reduce surface tension, increase alveolar recruitment, and decrease inflammation. Studied in acute respiratory distress...
Low tidal volume (= tidal volume ≤ 6 mL/kg, predicted body weight) ventilation using volume control benefits patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Airway pressure release ventilation ...
BACKGROUNDː: One-lung ventilation (OLV) may result in lung injury due to increased mechanical stress and tidal recruitment. As a result, a pulmonary inflammatory response is induced. The present rand...
Alveolar recruitment maneuver had been reported of improving arterial oxygenation and pulmonary mechanics and reduce the pulmonary complications. Investigator designed this study for compa...
The ventilation of the patient under general anesthesia is an old problem and extensively studied, especially in visceral surgery, higher risk of postoperative complications. Studies have ...
We investigate whether the atelectasis can be prevented in the recovery room when recruitment maneuver is performed after anesthetic induction in children. In addition, we also investigate...
During One-lung ventilation, the use of lower tidal volumes (VT) is helpful to avoid over-distension, provide sufficient oxygenation, but can result in increased atelectasis. Nevertheless...
The primary hypothesis of this study is reduction in need of mechanical ventilation in the first 72 hours of life (excluding the transient tracheal intubation performed for surfactant ad...
Tests for measuring loudness recruitment.
Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
Mechanical ventilation delivered to match the patient's efforts in breathing as detected by the interactive ventilation device.
Ventilation of the middle ear in the treatment of secretory (serous) otitis media, usually by placement of tubes or grommets which pierce the tympanic membrane.
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Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...