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The prognostic relevance of strokes in different locations is debated. For example, insular strokes have been associated with increased mortality, but this association could reflect their greater severity. In two independent cohorts of patients with supratentorial ischemic stroke (n = 90 and 105), we studied the prognostic consequences of lesion size and location using voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping before and after volume control, which better accounts for total lesion volume. Strokes affecting the insula were larger than non-insular strokes (28 vs 2cc and 25 vs 3cc, p < 0.001 in both cohorts). A number of supratentorial areas (mainly in the left hemisphere), including the insula, were associated with poor functional outcome in both cohorts before (4014 voxels) and after volume control (1378 voxels), while the associations with death were greatly reduced after volume control (from 8716 to 325 voxels). Exploratory analyses suggested that the method of lesion volume quantification, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale hemispheric bias and patient selection can result in false associations between specific brain lesions and outcomes. In conclusion, death in the first months after stroke is mainly explained by large infarct volumes, whereas lesions of specific supratentorial structures, mostly in the left hemisphere, also contribute to poor functional outcomes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Scientific reports
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To study the prognostic significance of multiple novel biomarkers in combination after ischemic stroke.
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Recording of regional electrophysiological information by analysis of surface potentials to give a complete picture of the effects of the currents from the heart on the body surface. It has been applied to the diagnosis of old inferior myocardial infarction, localization of the bypass pathway in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, recognition of ventricular hypertrophy, estimation of the size of a myocardial infarct, and the effects of different interventions designed to reduce infarct size. The limiting factor at present is the complexity of the recording and analysis, which requires 100 or more electrodes, sophisticated instrumentation, and dedicated personnel. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed)
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Measurement of the dimensions and capacity of the pelvis. It includes cephalopelvimetry (measurement of fetal head size in relation to maternal pelvic capacity), a prognostic guide to the management of LABOR, OBSTETRIC associated with disproportion.
A condition characterized by poorly-circumscribed gelatinous masses filled with malignant mucin-secreting cells. Forty-five percent of pseudomyxomas arise from the ovary, usually in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (CYSTADENOCARCINOMA, MUCINOUS), which has prognostic significance. Pseudomyxoma peritonei must be differentiated from mucinous spillage into the peritoneum by a benign mucocele of the appendix. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Restoration of functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from a stroke.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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