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Filoviruses, including ebolaviruses and marburgviruses, are the causative agents of highly lethal disease outbreaks. The 2013-2016 Ebola virus outbreak was responsible for >28000 infections and >11000 deaths. Although there are currently no licensed vaccines or therapeutics for any filovirus-induced disease, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are among the most promising options for therapeutic development. Hundreds of mAbs have been isolated from human survivors of filovirus infections that target the viral spike glycoprotein (GP). The binding, neutralization, and cross-reactivity of many of these mAbs has been determined. Several mAbs have been characterized structurally, and this information has been crucial for strategizing therapeutic and vaccine design. Here we present an overview of the structural features of the neutralizing/protective epitopes on filovirus glycoproteins.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current opinion in immunology
Filoviruses (family) include five ebolaviruses and Marburg virus. These pathogens cause a rapidly progressing and severe viral disease with high mortality rates (generally 30%-90%). Outbreaks of filov...
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Antibodies which react with the individual structural determinants (idiotopes) on the variable region of other antibodies.
Antibodies obtained from a single clone of cells grown in mice or rats.
Antibodies to the HEPATITIS C ANTIGENS including antibodies to envelope, core, and non-structural proteins.
Antibodies to the HEPATITIS A ANTIGENS including antibodies to envelope, core, and non-structural proteins.
Antibodies produced by clones of cells such as those isolated after hybridization of activated B LYMPHOCYTES with neoplastic cells. These hybrids are often referred to as HYBRIDOMAS.
Monoclonal antibodies MAbs
Monoclonal antibodies recognise and attach to specific proteins produced by cells. Types of monoclonal antibodies used to treat cancer cells: Block cell dividing dividing signals Transport cancer drugs or radiation to cancer cells Tr...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...