Advertisement

Topics

Effect of exercise order of combined aerobic and resistance training on arterial stiffness in older men.

08:00 EDT 25th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of exercise order of combined aerobic and resistance training on arterial stiffness in older men."

Arterial stiffness increases with advancing age, and is as an emerging biomarker in the assessment of vascular health. Some studies suggest that high-intensity resistance training increases arterial stiffness, but low- to moderate-intensity resistance training does not effect on arterial stiffening. Current evidence suggests that performing aerobic exercise after resistance training improved arterial stiffness in the young men and women. However, few studies have been conducted on the effects of the order of combined training on arterial stiffness in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercise order of combined aerobic and resistance training into the same session on body composition, muscle strength and arterial stiffness in older men. Forty-five older men (aged 70.5 ± 3.5 years) were randomly assigned to 3 groups;
AR:
aerobic before resistance training,
RA:
resistance before aerobic training and
CON:
no training. Subjects trained 2 times per week for 10 weeks. Resistance training consisted of 3 sets of 8-12 repetitions for 5 different exercises, 70-80% of one repetition maximum (1RM). Aerobic exercise consisted of cycling at 60% of heart rate reserve (HRR). Significant interaction effects were observed in waist circumference (P < 0.01), grip strength (P < 0.01), 10-m walk speed (P < 0.05) and 1RM strength (P < 0.01). However, no significant differences were observed between AR and RA. In contrast, pulse wave velocity (PWV) significantly reduced in the RA (9.0 ± 1.6 m/s to 8.0 ± 1.6 m/s, P < 0.05), whereas, it did not change in the AR, and there was a significant group difference (P < 0.05). In conclusion, no effects of the exercise order were observed in body composition, physical fitness and muscle strength. However, aerobic exercise after high-intensity resistance training reduced arterial stiffness and difference of exercise order was observed. We suggest that the exercise order may favorably affect arterial stiffness when combined aerobic exercise and high-intensity resistance training is performed into the same session.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Experimental gerontology
ISSN: 1873-6815
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [25716 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Exercise Training Mitigates Multi-System Deconditioning during Bed Rest.

This study investigated the safety and effectiveness of a new integrated aerobic and resistance exercise training prescription (SPRINT) using two different sets of exercise equipment: a suite of large...

Comparative effectiveness of aerobic, resistance, and combined training on cardiovascular disease risk factors: A randomized controlled trial.

Although exercise has well-documented health benefits on cardiovascular disease (CVD), the benefit of combination exercise on CVD risk factors in individuals with elevated risk has not been fully eluc...

Physiological adaptations to resistance training in rats selectively bred for low and high response to aerobic exercise training.

What is the central question of this study? Can phenotypic traits associated with low response to one mode of training be extrapolated to other exercise-inducible phenotypes? The present study investi...

Improvements in cognition and associations with measures of aerobic fitness and muscular power following structured exercise.

Cognition, along with aerobic and muscular fitness, declines with age. Although research has shown that resistance and aerobic exercise may improve cognition, no consensus exists supporting the use of...

Effect of combined circuit exercise on arterial stiffness in hypertensive postmenopausal women: a local public health center-based pilot study.

Postmenopausal women have increased arterial stiffness compared with premenopausal women. Regular physical activity including aerobic and resistance exercises are recommended to lower cardiovascular d...

Clinical Trials [15402 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Independent and Combined Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Training on Blood Pressure

We compared the effects of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise only, resistance exercise only, or a combination of both on blood pressure in overweight or obese middle-aged adults with elevated bl...

Comparing Acute Aerobic and Resistance Exercise

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of age and fitness level on the physiological response to an acute bout of resistance or aerobic exercise.

The Effects of a Combined Exercise Training Program on Vascular Health and Metabolic Profile in Obese Adolescent Girls.

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of 12 weeks of combined exercise training (CET) on arterial stiffness, endothelial function, inflammatory markers, insulin resistance, a...

Effectiveness of Combined Resistance and Aerobic Exercise Training on Obesity in Adolescent Girls

The purpose of the study was to observe therapeutic effects of combined resistance and aerobic exercise training (CRAE) on hyperinsulemia in obese adolescent girls. Forty obese adolescent ...

Healthy Eating Aerobic and Resistance Training in Youth (HEARTY) Trial

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of resistance training, aerobic training, and combined aerobic and resistance training on percent body fat, measured using Magnetic Res...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.

A cardiovascular exercise strategy with alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods.

Alternating sets of exercise that work out different muscle groups and that also alternate between aerobic and anaerobic exercises, which, when combined together, offer an overall program to improve strength, stamina, balance, or functioning.

The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Blood
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells.  In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Rheumatology
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...


Searches Linking to this Article