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Organ injuries due to thoracic trauma : Diagnostics, clinical importance and treatment principles.

08:00 EDT 29th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Organ injuries due to thoracic trauma : Diagnostics, clinical importance and treatment principles."

Thoracic trauma can be a life-threatening condition due to the involvement of vital organs, such as the heart, lungs, tracheobronchial tree and the great vessels. A coordinated interdisciplinary management is vital for the survival of the injured person. Modern diagnostic procedures provide an essential basis for the surgical treatment of patients. Surgical treatment principles include insertion of chest drainage, emergency thoracotomy, complex bronchoplastic and vascular reconstructive techniques and cardiac surgical maneuvers. For this reason highly complex surgical procedures are available, which can be effectively and specifically integrated into an interdisciplinary concept. In this review, the most frequent and prognostically relevant conditions, the indicated diagnostics and their significance as well as the surgical treatment principles, are comprehensively presented under consideration of the clinical situation.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Der Unfallchirurg
ISSN: 1433-044X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)

Injuries to the optic nerve induced by a trauma to the face or head. These may occur with closed or penetrating injuries. Relatively minor compression of the superior aspect of orbit may also result in trauma to the optic nerve. Clinical manifestations may include visual loss, PAPILLEDEMA, and an afferent pupillary defect.

Diseases of the cervical (and first thoracic) roots, nerve trunks, cords, and peripheral nerve components of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical manifestations include regional pain, PARESTHESIA; MUSCLE WEAKNESS, and decreased sensation (HYPESTHESIA) in the upper extremity. These disorders may be associated with trauma (including BIRTH INJURIES); THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME; NEOPLASMS; NEURITIS; RADIOTHERAPY; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1351-2)

Dysfunction of one or more cranial nerves causally related to a traumatic injury. Penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; NECK INJURIES; and trauma to the facial region are conditions associated with cranial nerve injuries.

Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.

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