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Maternal systemic immune response is regulated by conceptus-derived signals through peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) via blood circulation during early pregnancy in cattle. In this study, the PBMCs from day 18 in non-pregnant cows and days 14, 18 and 30 in pregnant cows were used to explore the expression of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin 4 (IL-4) and IL-10, and the plasma progesterone (P4) concentration was also determined. The results showed that the expression levels of mRNA and the protein of IFN-γ were lower and that IL-4 and IL-10 were higher in the PBMCs from the pregnant cows than in those of non-pregnant cows. From this study, early pregnancy induced a lower Th1 immunity (IFN-γ) and a higher Th2 immunity (IL-4 and IL-10) in the PBMCs, which may be related to interferon-tau and P4, thereby contributing to successful pregnancy in cattle.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Reproductive biology
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The major interferon produced by mitogenically or antigenically stimulated LYMPHOCYTES. It is structurally different from TYPE I INTERFERON and its major activity is immunoregulation. It has been implicated in the expression of CLASS II HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in cells that do not normally produce them, leading to AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
One of the type I interferons produced by peripheral blood leukocytes or lymphoblastoid cells. In addition to antiviral activity, it activates NATURAL KILLER CELLS and B-LYMPHOCYTES, and down-regulates VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR expression through PI-3 KINASE and MAPK KINASES signaling pathways.
A form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma manifested by generalized exfoliative ERYTHRODERMA; PRURITUS; peripheral lymphadenopathy, and abnormal hyperchromatic mononuclear (cerebriform) cells in the skin, LYMPH NODES, and peripheral blood (Sezary cells).
A multimeric complex that functions as a ligand-dependent transcription factor. ISGF3 is assembled in the CYTOPLASM and translocated to the CELL NUCLEUS in response to INTERFERON signaling. It consists of ISGF3-GAMMA and ISGF3-ALPHA, and it regulates expression of many interferon-responsive GENES.
The assay of INTERFERON-GAMMA released from lymphocytes after their exposure to a specific test antigen, to check for IMMUNOLOGIC MEMORY resulting from a previous exposure to the antigen. The amount of interferon-gamma released is usually assayed by an ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY.
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