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Analysis of Microbial Diversity in a Fluidized-Sand Biofilter Based on High-Throughput Sequencing Technology.

08:00 EDT 8th August 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Analysis of Microbial Diversity in a Fluidized-Sand Biofilter Based on High-Throughput Sequencing Technology."

In order to understand the microbial community composition and mechanism of purifying aquaculture water with a biofilter that was been applied to spotted parrotfish recirculating aquaculture systems with microglass beads as the biofilter filler, the changes in the nutrients of different biological filter beds and the water treatment performance of a fluidized-sand biofilter were analyzed. By using high-throughput sequencing technology, the microbial community structure of the surface area and bottom area at different times were studied. The results show that the fluidized-sand biofilter successfully start-up after one month under marine culture. Nitrification of the biofilter occurred mainly in the lower bed layer; the surface area played a small role in eliminating the NH-N. The average removal rates of NH-N, TN, BOD, and SS were 68.3%±2.24%, 49.54%±3.56%, 60.35%±4.98%, and 45.21%±2.11%, respectively. The average NH-N removal load reached (343.28±75.5) g·(m·d), which showed a better performance of wastewater treatment. In this experiment, 31 phyla and 490 genera were identified, thus the biological diversity was significantly higher than that of the other conventional microbial biofilter. Start-stop cycling of the self-cleaning device in the biofilter had no effect on the microbial diversity of different regional, but had some effect on the dominant bacterial community of the microglass beads surface. Under opening self-cleaning device regularly condition, the microbial species of the surface and bottom areas became significantly similar. With time, the microbial species of the superficial area and bottom area had no significant change, and the microbial population structure was relatively stable. In the biofilm training period, the diversity of microbial communities was significantly lower than it was after biofilm maturation. At the time of biofilter stable operation, the dominant bacteria of the superficial zone essentially remained unchanged and mainly included Anaerolineaceae_uncultured (8.4%-28%), Flavobacteriaceae_unclassified (1.1%-32%), Rhodobacteraceae_uncultured (2.3%-17%), (1%-7%), and Caldilineaceae_uncultured (1%-6%). The dominant bacteria of the bottom zone changed over time and mainly include (12.45%-17.06%), _Microthrix (2.6%-8.8%), (4.8%-6.3%), (6%-7%), and Rhodobacteraceae_uncultured (2%-6.2%). Among them, the abundance of was significantly higher than that in the other biofilter.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue
ISSN: 0250-3301
Pages: 3330-3338

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