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Lipid polymer hybrid nanoparticles (LPHNs) combine the characteristics and beneficial properties of both polymeric nanoparticles and liposomes. The objective of this study was to design and optimize gemcitabine hydrochloride loaded LPHNs based on the central composite design approach. PLGA 50:50/PLGA 65:35 mass ratio (w/w), soya phosphatidylcholine (SPC)/polymer mass ratio (%, w/w) and amount of DSPE-PEG were chosen as the investigated independent variables. The LPHNs were prepared with modified double emulsion solvent evaporation method and characterized by testing their particle size, encapsulation efficiency, and cumulative release. The composition of optimal formulation was determined as 1,5 (w/w) PLGA 50:50/PLGA 65:35 mass ratio, 30% (w/w) SPC/polymer mass ratio and 15 mg DSPE-PEG. The results showed that the optimal formulation gemcitabine hydrochloride loaded LPHNs had encapsulation efficiency of 45,2%, particle size of 237 nm and cumulative release of 62,3% at the end of 24 h. The morphology of LPHNs was found to be spherical by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation. Stability studies showed that LPHNs were physically stable until 12 months at 4°C and 9 months at 25°C/60% RH. The results suggest that the LPHNs can be an effective drug delivery system for hydrophilic active pharmaceutical ingredient.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of pharmaceutics
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Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.
Strongly cationic polymer that binds to certain proteins; used as a marker in immunology, to precipitate and purify enzymes and lipids. Synonyms: aziridine polymer; Epamine; Epomine; ethylenimine polymer; Montrek; PEI; Polymin(e).
Conditions characterized by abnormal lipid deposition due to disturbance in lipid metabolism, such as hereditary diseases involving lysosomal enzymes required for lipid breakdown. They are classified either by the enzyme defect or by the type of lipid involved.
A condition marked by the development of widespread xanthomas, yellow tumor-like structures filled with lipid deposits. Xanthomas can be found in a variety of tissues including the SKIN; TENDONS; joints of KNEES and ELBOWS. Xanthomatosis is associated with disturbance of LIPID METABOLISM and formation of FOAM CELLS.
The use of a quartz crystal microbalance for measuring weights and forces in the micro- to nanogram range. It is used to study the chemical and mechanical properties of thin layers, such as polymer coatings and lipid membranes; and interactions between molecues.
<!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery technologies are <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->patent pr...