Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
In recent years the international debate about universality in health has been marked by a polarization between ideas based on a universal system, and notions proposing universal health coverage. The concept of universal coverage has been disseminated by international organizations and has been incorporated into health system reforms in several developing countries, including some in Latin America. This article explores the assumptions and strategies related to the proposal of universal health coverage. Firstly, a comparison is provided of the models of universal health coverage and universal health systems. This is followed by a contextualization of the international debate, including examples of different health systems. Finally, the implications of the proposal of universal coverage for the right to health in Brazil are discussed. The analysis of different concepts of universality and the experiences of different countries shows that health insurance-based models, either social or private, are not as satisfactory as public, universal health systems. Greater understanding about ongoing international projects is essential in order to identify the possibilities represented by the consolidation of the Unified Health System (SUS) in Brazil, as well as the risks of dismantling the SUS.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ciencia & saude coletiva
Since the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 1990, many countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region made some improvements in maternal and child health and in ta...
Kenya is developing strategies to finance health care through prepayment to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Plans to transfer free maternity services (FMS) from the Ministry of Health to the ...
In Germany copayment for medical consultation was eliminated in 2013, and in Spain universal health coverage was partly restricted in 2012. This study shows the relationship between income and the use...
While controversies on limitation of coverage by the national health insurance and relatively high direct or "out-of-pocket" household payments by the national health insurance in South Korea still re...
Universal health coverage (UHC) is the big objective in health policy which several countries are seeking to achieve. Egypt is no different and its endeavors to attain UHC have been going on since the...
In a region with 15-20% HIV prevalence, an estimated 20% of HIV-uninfected women could have HIV exposures in pregnancy. In a theoretical scenario of perfect PrEP coverage, all women at ris...
Universal CART(U-CART) has a great advantage for its allogeneic T cell resource. After gene disruption of TCRα and HLA-1, U-CART will exempt from immunologic rejection by the receptor, an...
The aim of this randomized, controlled, prospective clinical trial was to evaluate the performances of two different universal adhesives and an etch&rinse adhesive in restoration of non-ca...
Screen-and-treat approach reduces postabortal pelvic inflammatory disease after induced abortion, and at the same time alters women's sexual behavior and prevents further re-infection by s...
Objective: This double-blind randomized clinical trial evaluates strategies for improving the bonding of universal adhesive to enamel in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) of a new univer...
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Insurance coverage of a physical or mental health condition, disability, or illness existing before health insurance is applied for or enrolled in.
Public Law 104-91, enacted in 1996, is designed to protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs. HIPAA has separate provisions for the large and small group markets, and the individual market. HIPAA amends the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), the Public Health Service Act, and the Internal Revenue Code to provide improved portability and continuity of health insurance coverage, extending earlier provisions under the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 ("COBRA").
The process of helping patients to effectively and efficiently use the health care system when faced with one or more of these challenges: (1) choosing, understanding, and using health coverage or applying for assistance when uninsured; (2) choosing, using, and understanding different types of health providers and services; (3) making treatment decisions; and (4) managing care received by multiple providers.