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Astronauts and cancer patients receive different types of radiation, and radiation decreases bone strength and leads to radiation-induced osteoporosis. This effect is attributed to the activation of osteoclasts. Our aim was to study the effect of Sema3a on the differentiation of the murine macrophage cell line Raw264.7 into osteoclasts upon irradiation. Raw264.7 cells were divided into four groups: A, receiving no radiation; B, receiving no radiation + 50ngng/ml Sema3a; C, receiving 2Gy radiation; and D, receiving 2Gy radiation +50ngng/ml Sema3a. After treatment, cells were subjected to a proliferation assay, migration assay, live and apoptosis assay, and an ROS assay, along with analyses of bone resorption activity, TRAP staining and RT-PCR to assess the effect of Sema3a on Raw264.7 cells under 2Gy radiation. Sema3a inhibited the proliferation of Raw264.7 cells and showed statistical significance at a concentration of 100ngng/ml (P<0.05). Under 2Gy radiation, cell migration was reduced (P<0.05). In addition, 2Gy radiation resulted in more apoptotic cells, a higher level of ROS, larger bone resorption lacunae and more Trap-positive cells (p<0.05), and radiation increased CSTK, NFAT, TRAP-5b, Rankl/OPG, IL-1, IL-6, TNFa and P53 gene expression (P<0.05). Sema3a had an inhibitory effect on the differentiation of Raw264.7 cells and the migration and activity of osteoclasts upon irradiation but did not affect ROS. Sema3a also decreased the expression of CSTK, NFAT, TRAP-5b, Rankl/OPG, IL-1, IL-6 and TNFa on the 3rd and 7th days after irradiation (p<0.05), whereas P53 expression was increased (P<0.05). Sema3a reduced the inflammation induced by radiation and negatively regulated osteoclast differentiation. Sema3a promoted Raw264.7 cell apoptosis after irradiation, indicating that Sema3a could be a potential therapeutic target for radiation-induced osteoporosis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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