Advertisement

Topics

Chagas Disease Surveillance Activities - Seven States, 2017.

08:00 EDT 6th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Chagas Disease Surveillance Activities - Seven States, 2017."

Chagas disease, a potentially life-threatening disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, has become a concern in the United States as a result of human emigration from Latin America where Chagas disease is endemic (1). It is estimated that as many as 8 million people living in Mexico, and Central and South America have Chagas disease.* Most cases of Chagas disease in the United States are chronic infections; however, rare cases of acute congenital infections and autochthonous vectorborne transmission have been reported (2). To understand how data are collected and used, a review of state-level public health surveillance for Chagas disease was conducted through semistructured interviews with health officials in six states (Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi Tennessee, and Texas) where Chagas disease is reportable and one (Massachusetts) where it was previously reportable. States implemented surveillance in response to blood donor screening for Chagas disease and to identify the route of disease transmission. Many states reported primarily chronic cases and had limited ability to respond to local transmission because acute cases were infrequently reported. Surveillance remains important in states with large populations of immigrants or frequent travelers from countries with endemic disease and for states with a risk for local transmission. Surveillance efforts can also help increase awareness among providers and assist in linking patients with Chagas disease to treatment to help prevent cardiac and gastrointestinal complications.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
ISSN: 1545-861X
Pages: 738-741

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [26074 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Continuing evidence of Chagas disease along the Texas-Mexico border.

Chagas disease is a chronic parasitic infection that progresses to dilated cardiomyopathy in 30% of human cases. Public health efforts target diagnosing asymptomatic cases, as therapeutic efficacy dim...

Burden of Chagas disease in Brazil, 1990-2016: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.

Chagas disease continues to be an important cause of morbidity, mortality and disability in several Latin American countries including Brazil. Using findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 20...

Integrating evidence, models and maps to enhance Chagas disease vector surveillance.

Until recently, the Chagas disease vector, Triatoma infestans, was widespread in Arequipa, Perú, but as a result of a decades-long campaign in which over 70,000 houses were treated with insecticides,...

Meningococcal Disease Surveillance in Men Who Have Sex with Men - United States, 2015-2016.

Meningococcal disease is a rare, but serious, bacterial infection that progresses rapidly and can be life-threatening, even with prompt antibiotic treatment. Men who have sex with men (MSM) have previ...

Reactivation of Chagas disease among heart transplant recipients in the United States, 2012-2016.

Heart transplantation has been shown to be a safe and effective intervention for progressive cardiomyopathy from chronic Chagas disease. However, in the presence of the immunosuppression required for ...

Clinical Trials [7027 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Chagas Disease as an Undiagnosed Type of Cardiomyopathy in the United States

A detailed review was made of data pertinent to the occurrence of chronic Chagas disease in the United States.

Prevalence of Chagas Disease in Immigrant Patients With Conduction Abnormalities on Electrocardiogram

Chagas disease is endemic to the Americas, infecting between 16-18 million individuals. In immigrant populations in the United States from endemic areas, it is estimated up to 4.9% may be...

Clinical Trial For The Treatment Of Chronic Chagas Disease With Posaconazole And Benznidazole

The investigators propose the evaluation of posaconazole and benznidazole in humans for the treatment of Chagas disease chronical infection. Exploratory trial of posaconazole antiparasitic...

Colchicine for Patients With Chagas´ Disease( B1 Stage)

This study evaluate the addition of colchicine in the treatment of patients with Chagas´disease. Forty patients will receive colchicine while twenty patients will receive placebo

Surgical and Non-surgical Infections of Neurosurgical Patient: Before-after Cohort Study

Continuous surveillance in 2003-2017 allowed to detect HAIs in patients staying in a 42-bed neurosurgery unit with 6 intensive neurosurgical supervision beds. 10,332 surgical patients were...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disease of the CARDIAC MUSCLE developed subsequent to the initial protozoan infection by TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI. After infection, less than 10% develop acute illness such as MYOCARDITIS (mostly in children). The disease then enters a latent phase without clinical symptoms until about 20 years later. Myocardial symptoms of advanced CHAGAS DISEASE include conduction defects (HEART BLOCK) and CARDIOMEGALY.

Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.

Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.

Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.

Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Tropical Medicine
Tropical Medicine is the study of diseases more commonly found in tropical regions than elsewhere. Examples of these diseases are malaria, yellow fever, Chagas disease, Dengue, Helminths, African trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, Lymphatic filaria...

Congenital Diseases
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...


Searches Linking to this Article