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Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation is an unresolved medical issue after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Rituximab treatment is recommended for EBV reactivation after HSCT but the number of doses of rituximab to use is unclear. In this study, risk factors and outcomes of patients who needed 1 dose vs >1 doses of preemptive rituximab to clear EBV viremia were compared. A higher viral load was more likely to be associated with higher doses of rituximab. Patients whose EBV viremia cleared with 1 dose of rituximab were more likely to have a preceding reduction of immunosuppression. Overall survival (OS) in these 2 cohorts was not different (18.7 vs 26.6 months, respectively, p = .96). Since rituximab can have side effects and is fairly costly, a predictive model to determine the number of rituximab doses using viral load would be a useful and cost-effective manner to utilize rituximab for this indication.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Leukemia & lymphoma
Glucocorticoids are considered the first-line therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss. But there is currently no consensus on administering them as a single dose versus multiple divided daily do...
The study aim was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of single high doses and repeated therapeutic doses of fluticasone furoate (FF) and batefenterol (BAT; a bifunctional muscarinic antagonist and β...
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Six versus eight doses of rituximab in patients with aggressive B cell lymphoma receiving six cycles of CHOP: results from the "Positron Emission Tomography-Guided Therapy of Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas" (PETAL) trial.
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This is a multi-center, parallel, active comparator controlled, open-label, randomized (1:1) phase III study of single agent ofatumumab compared to single agent rituximab in subjects with ...
A Phase 1 study of the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of a new oxazolidinone antibiotic. In Part 1 cohorts of healthy adults will participate in a single dose escalation study ...
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The study is a First-in-Human, Phase I, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating single and multiple ascending oral doses of GLPG2451 and combined multiple doses of GL...
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A treatment schedule in which the total dose of radiation is divided into large doses.
The use of multiple drugs administered to the same patient, most commonly seen in elderly patients. It includes also the administration of excessive medication. Since in the United States most drugs are dispensed as single-agent formulations, polypharmacy, though using many drugs administered to the same patient, must be differentiated from DRUG COMBINATIONS, single preparations containing two or more drugs as a fixed dose, and from DRUG THERAPY, COMBINATION, two or more drugs administered separately for a combined effect. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Biphasic dose responses of cells or organisms (including microorganisms) to an exogenous or intrinsic factor, in which the factor induces stimulatory or beneficial effects at low doses and inhibitory or adverse effects at high doses.
Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Monoclonal antibodies MAbs
Monoclonal antibodies recognise and attach to specific proteins produced by cells. Types of monoclonal antibodies used to treat cancer cells: Block cell dividing dividing signals Transport cancer drugs or radiation to cancer cells Tr...
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...