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Natural history of cardiac function in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies on home mechanical ventilation.

08:00 EDT 1st July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Natural history of cardiac function in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies on home mechanical ventilation."

Heart impairment is classical in dystrophinopathies and its management relies on medical drugs. Mechanical ventilation is used to treat respiratory failure, but can affect cardiac function. We aimed to investigate the natural history of cardiac function in patients with Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) muscular dystrophies on home mechanical ventilation (HMV).We reviewed the chart of DMD and BMD patients, followed in our institution, to obtain ventilation setting at HMV initiation and echocardiographic data at baseline and end follow up, as well as onset cardiac events and thoracic mechanical complication. We analyzed cumulative incidence of cardiac events as well as echocardiographic parameters evolution and its association with ventilation settings.We included 111 patients (101 DMD and 10 BMD). Median age was 21 years [18-26], median pulmonary vital capacity (VC) 15% of predicted [10-24]. All patients were on HMV and 46% ventilated using tracheostomy. After a median follow up of 6.3 years, we found a slight decrease of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (45% at end follow up vs 50% at baseline P = .019) and a stabilization of the LV end diastolic diameter indexed (LVEDD indexed 29.4 mm/m vs 30.7 mm/m at end follow up, P = .17). Tidal volume (VT) level was inversely associated with the annual rate of the LVEF decline (r = -0.29, P = .025). Left atrium (LA) diameter decreased with mechanical ventilation (24 mm vs 20 mm, P = .039) and we found a reduction of systolic pulmonary pressure (35 mm Hg vs 25 mm Hg, P = .011). The cumulative incidence of cardiac events was 12.6%. Pneumothorax occurred in 4% of patients. Hypoxic arrest secondary to the presence of tracheal plugin occurred in 4% of patients with invasive ventilation.HMV is not harmful, decreases pulmonary pressure and may protect heart in dystrophinopathies, in addition with cardioprotective drugs. In patients with DMD and BMD on HMV, cumulative incidence of cardiac events remains moderate and incidence of pneumothorax is rare.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicine
ISSN: 1536-5964
Pages: e11381

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A muscle protein localized in surface membranes which is the product of the Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy gene. Individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy usually lack dystrophin completely while those with Becker muscular dystrophy have dystrophin of an altered size. It shares features with other cytoskeletal proteins such as SPECTRIN and alpha-actinin but the precise function of dystrophin is not clear. One possible role might be to preserve the integrity and alignment of the plasma membrane to the myofibrils during muscle contraction and relaxation. MW 400 kDa.

An X-linked recessive muscle disease caused by an inability to synthesize DYSTROPHIN, which is involved with maintaining the integrity of the sarcolemma. Muscle fibers undergo a process that features degeneration and regeneration. Clinical manifestations include proximal weakness in the first few years of life, pseudohypertrophy, cardiomyopathy (see MYOCARDIAL DISEASES), and an increased incidence of impaired mentation. Becker muscular dystrophy is a closely related condition featuring a later onset of disease (usually adolescence) and a slowly progressive course. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1415)

A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)

A heterogenous group of inherited muscular dystrophy that can be autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. There are many forms (called LGMDs) involving genes encoding muscle membrane proteins such as the sarcoglycan (SARCOGLYCANS) complex that interacts with DYSTROPHIN. The disease is characterized by progressing wasting and weakness of the proximal muscles of arms and legs around the HIPS and SHOULDERS (the pelvic and shoulder girdles).

A strain of mice arising from a spontaneous MUTATION (mdx) in inbred C57BL mice. This mutation is X chromosome-linked and produces viable homozygous animals that lack the muscle protein DYSTROPHIN, have high serum levels of muscle ENZYMES, and possess histological lesions similar to human MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY. The histological features, linkage, and map position of mdx make these mice a worthy animal model of DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY.

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