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Infections after vascular reconstructions are very rare; however, when they occur, they are associated with a high risk of morbidity. In order to obtain the best results possible, the treatment needs to be initiated as early as possible, from the very first signs of infection, and it needs to be carried out in centers specializing in vascular surgery. The aim of the present study was to assess the incidence of infections in a single university center.This retrospective analysis over a 2-year period is based on the medical reports of hospitalized patients who were diagnosed with infection following revascularization.From 2013 to 2014, a number of 151 open reconstructive surgical procedures were performed. 15 patients suffered from infection (10%) of the vascular reconstruction. Of these patients, 40% have had an aorto-bifemoral bypass, 53%-a femoro-popliteal bypass, and 7% (n = 1)-an axillo-femoral bypass. According to the Samson classification, the patients were categorized as follows: group 2: 6 cases, group 3: 2 cases, group 4: 4 cases, and group 5: 3 cases. The most frequent bacteria found were methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (n = 6, 40%), followed by S aureus (n = 5, 33%). The treatment options were: application of antibiotics alone without any invasive treatment in 3 patients, local irrigation and debridement in 6 patients, complete explantation of the prosthesis with a new extra-anatomic bypass in 6 cases, and partial excision of the prosthesis, which was replaced and covered with muscle flap, in 3 cases. The amputation rate in our study was 18%, which corresponds to the rates published in the literature.The treatment of infections in vascular surgery needs to be complex and adapted to each individual patient, because infections being in a permanent dynamic state. The treatment needs to be performed in specialized centers that have large experience in vascular surgery, in order for the patient to have the best chances of survival and protection from amputation.
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To determine the safety and patient tolerance of UVAR Photopheresis System (extracorporeal photopheresis) in the Treatment of AIDS-Related Complex (ARC).
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Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES, or transplanted BLOOD VESSELS, or other biological material to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Vascular relates to blood vessels (Oxford Medical Dictionary) and can be used to describe the supply of blood, a disease affecting the blood vessels or molecules associated with these structures. For example, <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->atherosclerosis ...
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