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Pharmacotherapy and kidney dysfunction.

08:00 EDT 6th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Pharmacotherapy and kidney dysfunction."

Essential for drug dose adjustment is the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) not the serum creatinine level. In acute disease, a loading dose must be given that usually corresponds to the normal dose. The eliminated half-life is used to estimate the administration interval. For anti-infective drugs with a concentration-dependent effect, the target is the high peak such as for daptomycin, linezolide, and colistin. For anti-infective drugs with a time-dependent effect, the target is the high trough such as for piperacillin, meropenem and vancomycin. Such drugs with a time-dependent action should best be administered by infusion not by bolus dosing. With continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), the total filtration rate corresponds to a GFR of 30-50 ml/min and many antibiotics will not need a dose reduction on CRRT. After intermittent hemodialysis, a new loading dose should be given to ascertain sufficiently high concentrations in the interval until the next dose or next dialysis.

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Name: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
ISSN: 2193-6226
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

General dysfunction of an organ occurring immediately following its transplantation. The term most frequently refers to renal dysfunction following KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

A form of ischemia-reperfusion injury occurring in the early period following transplantation. Significant pathophysiological changes in MITOCHONDRIA are the main cause of the dysfunction. It is most often seen in the transplanted lung, liver, or kidney and can lead to GRAFT REJECTION.

A hereditary or acquired form of generalized dysfunction of the PROXIMAL KIDNEY TUBULE without primary involvement of the KIDNEY GLOMERULUS. It is usually characterized by the tubular wasting of nutrients and salts (GLUCOSE; AMINO ACIDS; PHOSPHATES; and BICARBONATES) resulting in HYPOKALEMIA; ACIDOSIS; HYPERCALCIURIA; and PROTEINURIA.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

The outer zone of the KIDNEY, beneath the capsule, consisting of KIDNEY GLOMERULUS; KIDNEY TUBULES, DISTAL; and KIDNEY TUBULES, PROXIMAL.

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