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A novel 99mTc-labelled glucose derivative for SPECT: A Promising Tumor Imaging Agent.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A novel 99mTc-labelled glucose derivative for SPECT: A Promising Tumor Imaging Agent."

In this study, a D-glucosamine derivative with an isonitrile group (CN5DG) was synthesized and it was chosen to coordinate with 99mTc for preparing 99mTc-CN5DG. 99mTc-CN5DG could be readily obtained with high radiochemical purity (>95%) and had great in vitro stability and metabolic stability in urine. The radiotracer demonstrated a positive response to the administration of glucose and insulin in S180 and A549 tumor cells in vitro, suggesting the mechanism of 99mTc-CN5DG into tumor cells was related to glucose transporters. Biodistribution studies in mice bearing A549 xenografts showed 99mTc-CN5DG had a high tumor uptake and high tumor-to-background ratios. SPECT/CT images further supported its ability for tumor imaging. As a cheap, conveniently made and widely available probe, 99mTc-CN5DG would become a potential "working horse" and be a breakthrough in 99mTc-labelled radiopharmaceuticals for tumor detection.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular pharmaceutics
ISSN: 1543-8392
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Maintenance of a constant blood glucose level by perfusion or infusion with glucose or insulin. It is used for the study of metabolic rates (e.g., in glucose, lipid, amino acid metabolism) at constant glucose concentration.

A glucose transport facilitator that is expressed primarily in PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; LIVER; and KIDNEYS. It may function as a GLUCOSE sensor to regulate INSULIN release and glucose HOMEOSTASIS.

A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.

A glucoside-derived SODIUM-GLUCOSE TRANSPORTER 2 inhibitor that stimulates urinary excretion of glucose by suppressing renal glucose reabsorption. It is used to manage BLOOD GLUCOSE levels in patients with TYPE 2 DIABETES.

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of D-glucose 6-phosphate and water to D-glucose and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.9.

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