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Fermentation wastewater (FW) and algal residue are major by-products of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) fermentations utilizing Schizochytrium sp. In order to reduce production costs and environmental pollution, we explored the application of FW and algal-residue extract (AE) for DHA production. Components analysis showed that FW and AE contained some mineral elements and protein residues, respectively. When they were used for DHA fermentation, results showed that 20% replacement of fresh water by FW and 80% replacement of yeast extract nitrogen by AE reached DHA content of 22.23 g/L and 27.10 g/L, respectively. Furthermore, a novel medium that utilizes a mixture of FW and AE was applied for DHA fermentation, whereby the final DHA yield reached 28.45 g/L, 24.56% higher than conventional medium. The strategy of valorizing fermentation waste provides a new method for reducing the costs and reducing environmental pollution of microbial fermentations.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
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A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.
An algal bloom where the algae produce powerful toxins that can kill fish, birds, and mammals, and ultimately cause illness in humans. The harmful bloom can also cause oxygen depletion in the water due to the death and decomposition of non-toxic algae species.
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands from domesticated animals. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.
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