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Using lignocellulosic residues for bioethanol production could provide an alternative solution to current approaches at competitive costs once challenges related to substrate recalcitrance, process complexity and limited knowledge are overcome. Thus, the impact of different process variables on the ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae using the hemicellulosic fraction extracted through the steam-treatment of softwood chips mixed with construction and demolition residues was assessed. A statistical design of experiments approach was developed and implemented in order to identify the influencing factors (various nutrient addition sources as well as yeast inoculum growth conditions and inoculation strategies) relevant for enhancing the ethanol production potential and substrate uptake. Ethanol yields of 74.12% and monomeric sugar uptakes of 82.12 g/L were predicted and experimentally confirmed in bench and bioreactor systems. This innovative approach revealed the factors impacting the ethanol yields and carbohydrate consumption allowing powerful behavioral predictions spanning different process inputs and outputs.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the most potential feedstock to produce second generation cellulosic ethanol and biochemicals. In order to enhance the enzymatic digestibility of lignocellulosic biom...
Recent years have seen an increase in the use of lignocellulosic materials in the development of bioproducts. Because sisal fiber is a low cost raw material and is readily available, this work aimed t...
Hydrogenation of CO2 into valuable chemicals is in great demand but still challengeable. Here we report the selective hydrogenation of CO2 into ethanol over non-noble cobalt catalysts (CoAlOx), presen...
To achieve high electrochemical surface area (ECSA) and avoid carbon support and binder in the anode catalyst of direct ethanol fuel cell, herein, we design freestanding core-shell nickel@palladium-ni...
Solar steam generation is one of the most promising solar-energy-harvesting technologies to addressing the issue of water shortage. Despite intensive efforts to develop high-efficiency solar steam gen...
Systemic and Local Diffusion of Ethanol After Administration of Ethanol 96% Formulated in a Gel and Ethanol 98% Solution by the Percutaneous Route, in Patients With Congenital Venous Malformations:Pharmacokinetic, Pharmacodynamic and Clinical Study.
Absolute ethanol has been used "off-label" as an unmodified formulation (solution) in CVM. Despite its effectiveness, absolute ethanol appears difficult to handle because of its high diffu...
The aime of this study is to envsitigate if ethanol has an incretin effect. This is done by administration of ethanol orally vs. an isoethanolaemic i.v. infusion of ethanol.
This study will investigate how ethanol (pure alcohol) influences carbohydrate and fat metabolism during prolonged, moderate intensity exercise. Participants will perform two bouts of cycl...
During the ethanol sclerotherapy procedure, the investigators will record doses of and time of ethanol injections and record ethanol concentrations in endtidal breath every 5 minutes. Furt...
The aim of the clinical trial is to study the intra-individual variation of steroid profile parameters after experimental administration of different doses of ethanol in Caucasian women.
A blood protein (NSILA) which mimics the biological activity of insulin in serum, but is not suppressed by insulin antibodies. During acid-ethanol extraction of Cohn fraction III, 10% of the activity is found in the supernatant (NSILA-S) and the remaining activity in the precipitate (NSILA-P). The latter is a large molecular compound, much less stable than the soluble fraction. NSILA-S is a more potent growth factor than insulin and exhibits sulfation activity.
A lipid-regulating agent that lowers elevated serum lipids primarily by decreasing serum triglycerides with a variable reduction in total cholesterol. These decreases occur primarily in the VLDL fraction and less frequently in the LDL fraction. Gemfibrozil increases HDL subfractions HDL2 and HDL3 as well as apolipoproteins A-I and A-II. Its mechanism of action has not been definitely established.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
A bone morphogenetic protein that is found at high concentrations in a purified osteoinductive protein fraction from BONE. Bone morphogenetic protein 3 is referred to as osteogenin, however it may play a role in variety of developmental processes.
An antiprotozoal agent produced by Streptomyces cinnamonensis. It exerts its effect during the development of first-generation trophozoites into first-generation schizonts within the intestinal epithelial cells. It does not interfere with hosts' development of acquired immunity to the majority of coccidial species. Monensin is a sodium and proton selective ionophore and is widely used as such in biochemical studies.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...