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The nicotine metabolite ratio (NMR) as measured by the ratio of 3'hydroxycotinine to cotinine has been examined in relation to tobacco use patterns including cigarettes per day and quit success to determine its role in nicotine dependence. We examined the NMR in relation to smoking topography and tested the hypothesis that normal metabolizers have a greater total daily puff volume than slow metabolizers.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Drug and alcohol dependence
Pregnancy-induced increases in nicotine metabolism may contribute to difficulties in quitting smoking during pregnancy. However, the time-course of changes in nicotine metabolism during early and late...
The nicotine metabolite ratio (NMR) is a biomarker that represents individual variation in the speed that nicotine is metabolized. The rate of nicotine metabolism alters smoking behavior (e.g., amount...
This study investigated the influence of the rate of nicotine metabolism, as indicated by the nicotine metabolite ratio (NMR) on tobacco dependence. We stratified 136 smokers based on saliva NMR as fa...
Tobacco is highly addictive and after the development of dependence it is difficult to quit smoking. Therefore, it is important to understand the factors that play a role in the initiation of smoking....
Smoking during pregnancy is strongly associated with negative pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Some guidelines recommend nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for smoking cessation during pregnancy but ...
Nicotine mediates smoking's addictive effects in the brain. The ratio of 3-hydroxycotinine to cotinine, known as the nicotine metabolite ratio, or NMR, is a genetically- informed biomarker...
The purpose of this research program is to understand how a biomarker called the "nicotine metabolite ratio" (also referred to as NMR) may influence a smoker's ability to quit smoking.
Nicotine replacement therapies (NRT) have proven efficacy to help smokers quit. However, their effectiveness is low. This study aims to answer the question: Does the dose adjustment of NRT...
RATIONALE: Stop-smoking plans, including counseling and nicotine replacement therapy, may help smokers quit smoking. It is not yet known whether counseling and the nicotine lozenge is more...
This study will demonstrate the behavioral responses to varenicline, helping to better understand its mechanisms. Hypotheses for the study are to observe decreases in smoking topography an...
The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
SMOKING of non-TOBACCO (or NICOTINE-containing) substances.
SMOKING vapors produced from ELECTRONIC NICOTINE DELIVERY SYSTEMS.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.