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In recent years, the awareness of consumers about the impact of food on health is constantly increasing. A high amount of dietary antioxidant intake can be supplied by beverages widely consumed, such as wine, coffee, beer. Recently, an increase in the consumer interest was observed for beer, in consequence of the high phenolic antioxidants and low ethanol content present in this beverage. Among all beer types, in recent years, consumption of craft beers has gained popularity. Being an unpasteurized and unfiltered, craft beer is potentially a new vehicle for delivering health effects. While health benefits of lactic acid bacteria as probiotics are well known, few data are available on probiotic yeasts in fermented food. Therefore, this study was aimed to analyse the effect of integrating the well-known probiotic yeast strain of S. cerevisiae var. boulardii (S.b) in mixed cultures with S. cerevisiae strains for production of beers with increased healthy benefits. The probiotic strain of S.b was tested in mixed cultures with selected S. cerevisiae strains, during wort fermentation. As the viability during processing operations is one of the criteria for selecting suitable strains of probiotic microorganisms, the survival of probiotic yeast during the fermentation and the presence of highly viable cells at the end of fermentations were evaluated. In almost all the mixed fermentations, at the end of the process the probiotic yeast was predominant on S. cerevisiae strain, and the experimental beers contained a high number of viable cells of S.b strain (ranging between 8 × 10 and 7.0 × 10/mL). The analysis of experimental beers for the content of main volatile compounds showed that the inclusion of S.b strain in mixed starter did not affect negatively beer aroma. Moreover, the inclusion of S.b strain in mixed starters determined an increase in the antioxidant activity and polyphenols content, in comparison to beers from single starter fermentations, indicating the influence of S.b strain on these parameters. Some mixed starter cultures tested in this study resulted a very promising tool to increase the healthy quality of the product, such as the improve the antioxidant activity and polyphenols content of beer.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of food microbiology
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A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 220.127.116.11.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.
A set of nuclear proteins in SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE that are required for the transcriptional repression of the silent mating type loci. They mediate the formation of silenced CHROMATIN and repress both transcription and recombination at other loci as well. They are comprised of 4 non-homologous, interacting proteins, Sir1p, Sir2p, Sir3p, and Sir4p. Sir2p, an NAD-dependent HISTONE DEACETYLASE, is the founding member of the family of SIRTUINS.
A protein kinase encoded by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC28 gene and required for progression from the G1 PHASE to the S PHASE in the CELL CYCLE.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...