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Mediator, known as a coactivator, can act in transcription initiation in an activator-independent manner in vivo.

08:00 EDT 7th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Mediator, known as a coactivator, can act in transcription initiation in an activator-independent manner in vivo."

Mediator is an evolutionarily conserved complex best known for its role as a coactivator responsible for transducing regulatory signals from DNA-bound activators to the basal RNA polymerase II (Pol II) machinery that initiates transcription from promoters of protein-encoding genes. By exploiting our in vivo activator-independent transcription assay in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in combination with new temperature sensitive (ts) mutants of Med14 N-terminal half exhibiting widespread transcriptional defects, and existing ts mutants of Kin28 and Med17, we show that, in the absence of activator: (i) Mediator can associate with a promoter as a form devoid of the Cyclin-dependent kinase 8 (CDK8) module, and this association remains regulated by Kin28; (ii) Mediator can stimulate the assembly of the entire Pol II initiation machinery. Although the literature emphasizes the role of the interaction between activators and Mediator, together our results support the view that Mediator is able to act through a dual mechanism in vivo, activator-dependent but also activator-independent, therefore not always as a coactivator.

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Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta
ISSN: 0006-3002
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Artificial nucleases that cleave DNA at a defined distance from specific DNA sequences recognized by TRANSCRIPTION ACTIVATOR-LIKE EFFECTORS. They are composed of an endodeoxyribonuclease fused to DNA-binding domains of the transcription activator-like effectors.

The process that starts the transcription of an RNA molecule. It includes the assembly of the initiation complex and establishment of the start site.

A eukaryotic initiation factor that binds to 40S ribosomal subunits. Although initially considered a "non-essential" factor for eukaryotic transcription initiation, eukaryotic initiation factor-1 is now thought to play an important role in localizing RIBOSOMES at the initiation codon of MRNA.

A nuclear receptor coactivator with specificity for ESTROGEN RECEPTORS and PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS. It contains a histone acetyltransferase activity that may play a role in CHROMATIN REMODELING during the process of nuclear receptor-induced transcription. The coactivator has been found at elevated levels in certain HORMONE-DEPENDENT NEOPLASMS such as those found in BREAST CANCER.

A large protein complex which acts as a signaling adaptor protein that allows communication between the various regulatory and functional components of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION including DNA POLYMERASE II; GENERAL TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS; and TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that are bound to upstream ENHANCER ELEMENTS. The mediator complex was originally studied in YEAST where at least 21 subunits were identified. Many of the yeast subunits are homologs to proteins in higher organisms that are found associated with specific nuclear receptors such as THYROID HORMONE RECEPTORS and VITAMIN D RECEPTORS.

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