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Serum procalcitonin (PCT) is a sensitive biomarker used for the diagnosis of infection and sepsis. PCT has also some toxic effects. It is not a proinflammatory stimulus, but may augment the inflammatory processes. High levels of PCT in sepsis may lead to hepatocyte necrosis and, as a result, to liver failure. The pathomechanism of the toxic effect of PCT is still unknown. The influence of liver function on PCT levels has not been studied yet. It is not sure whether the liver dysfunction affects the diagnostic and prognostic value of serum PCT levels. In patients with acute liver failure, the usefulness of PCT-level determination remains controversial. Recent studies have shown a potential diagnostic benefit of PCT as a marker of infection in chronic liver diseases. In both groups there is still no consensus on the optimal cut-off value of PCT levels in order to exclude infection. In patients with liver disease, the serum PCT levels should be interpreted with caution, taking into consideration other factors affecting the PCT threshold.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anaesthesiology intensive therapy
Relatively high mortality and morbidity rates are reported after liver resection (LR). However, the early predictors of complications after LR are not clear. This study was performed to clarify the us...
Serum procalcitonin (PCT) is elevated in acute liver failure (ALF), but the expression of PCT in the liver has not been elucidated. We aimed to clarify the regulation of hepatic PCT expression and the...
, the study aimed at assessing the frequency of rising procalcitonin associated with infectious complications in immunosuppressed LDLTRx.
Association between plasma procalcitonin levels and positive blood cultures in critical illness patients in the ICU.
Procalcitonin is a promising marker of sepsis in critically ill patients. Procalcitonin have better diagnostic accuracy compared to White blood cell count and C - reactive protein. Investi...
Patients presenting to the Emergency Department with shortness of breath and (suspected) heart failure will be screened and randomized to either a standard of care or a procalcitonin-guide...
The aim of the study is to demonstrate if using one procalcitonin (PCT)-guided rule of stop of antimicrobials, the incidence of infections by C.difficile and by Multi-Drug-Resistant (MDR) ...
A rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deposition of copper in the BRAIN; LIVER; CORNEA; and other organs. It is caused by defects in the ATP7B gene encoding copper-transporting ATPase 2 (EC 188.8.131.52), also known as the Wilson disease protein. The overload of copper inevitably leads to progressive liver and neurological dysfunction such as LIVER CIRRHOSIS; TREMOR; ATAXIA and intellectual deterioration. Hepatic dysfunction may precede neurologic dysfunction by several years.
A form of rapid-onset LIVER FAILURE, also known as fulminant hepatic failure, caused by severe liver injury or massive loss of HEPATOCYTES. It is characterized by sudden development of liver dysfunction and JAUNDICE. Acute liver failure may progress to exhibit cerebral dysfunction even HEPATIC COMA depending on the etiology that includes hepatic ISCHEMIA, drug toxicity, malignant infiltration, and viral hepatitis such as post-transfusion HEPATITIS B and HEPATITIS C.
A form of ischemia-reperfusion injury occurring in the early period following transplantation. Significant pathophysiological changes in MITOCHONDRIA are the main cause of the dysfunction. It is most often seen in the transplanted lung, liver, or kidney and can lead to GRAFT REJECTION.
Sudden liver failure in the presence of underlying compensated chronic LIVER DISEASE (e.g., LIVER CIRRHOSIS; HEPATITIS; and liver injury and failure) due to a precipitating acute hepatic insult.
A clinical manifestation of HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA, characterized by the yellowish staining of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA. Clinical jaundice usually is a sign of LIVER dysfunction.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Sepsis, septicaemia and blood poisoning
Septicaemia (another name for blood poisoning) refers to a bacterial infection of the blood, whereas sepsis can also be caused by viral or fungal infections. Sepsis is not just limited to the blood and can affect the whole body, including the organ...