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Revealing the Behavior of Photons in a Birefringent Interferometer.

08:00 EDT 29th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Revealing the Behavior of Photons in a Birefringent Interferometer."

The interferometer is one of the most important devices for revealing the nature of light and for precision optical metrology. Although many experiments were performed for probing photon behavior in various configurations, a complete study of photon behavior in a birefringent interferometer has not been performed, to our knowledge. By using an environmental turbulence immune Mach-Zehnder interferometer, we observe tunable photonic beatings by rotating a birefringent crystal versus the temperature of the crystal for both the single photon and two photons. Furthermore, the two-photon interference fringes beat 2 times faster than the single-photon interference fringes. This beating effect is used to determine the thermal dispersion coefficients of the two principal refractive axes with a single measurement: the two-photon interference shows superresolution and high sensitivity. Obvious differences between two-photon and single-photon interference are also revealed in unbalanced situations. In addition, the influence of the photon bandwidth on the beating behaviors that come from polarization-dependent decoherence is also investigated. Our findings will be important for better understanding the behavior of two-photon interference in a birefringent interferometer and for precision optical metrology with quantum enhancement.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 263601

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