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Factors causing prolonged mechanical ventilation and peri-operative morbidity after robot-assisted coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

08:00 EDT 13th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Factors causing prolonged mechanical ventilation and peri-operative morbidity after robot-assisted coronary artery bypass graft surgery."

Robot-assisted coronary artery bypass graft [robot-assisted (coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)] surgery is the latest treatment for coronary artery disease. However, the surgery extensively affects cardiac and pulmonary function, and the risk factors associated with peri-operative morbidity, including prolong mechanical ventilation (PMV), have not been fully examined. In this retrospective cohort study, a total of 382 patients who underwent robot-assisted internal mammary artery harvesting with mini-thoracotomy direct-vision bypass grafting surgery (MIDCABG) from 2005 to 2012 at our tertiary care hospital were included. The definition of PMV was failure to wean from mechanical ventilation more than 48 h after the surgery. Risk factors for PMV, and peri-operative morbidity and mortality were analyzed with a multivariate logistic regression model. Forty-three patients (11.3%) developed PMV after the surgery, and the peri-operative morbidity and mortality rates were 38 and 2.6%, respectively. The risk factors for PMV were age, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the duration of one-lung ventilation for MIDCABG (beating time), and peak airway pressure at the end of the surgery. Furthermore, age and anesthesia time were found to be independent risk factors for peri-operative morbidity, whereas age, LVEF, and anesthesia time were the risk factors for peri-operative mortality. These findings may help physicians to properly choose patients for this procedure, and provide more attention to patients with higher risk after surgery to achieve better clinical outcomes.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Heart and vessels
ISSN: 1615-2573
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