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Structural similarities between Zika (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) leads to the induction of cross-reactive responses. We have previously demonstrated that ZIKV exposed macaques significantly enhance DENV viremia. Here we show that this enhancement of DENV infection occurred in the presence of high levels of DENV cross-reactive IgG1 subclass of binding antibodies (bAb) with low DENV neutralizing antibody (nAb) activity (<1:10). The DENV-2 nAb titres after ZIKV infection were, however, higher than those induced in DENV-2 only infected animals suggesting that ZIKV induced low titres of cross-nAb against DENV. Surprisingly, DENV-2 infection of animals previously infected with ZIKV was not accompanied by an anamnestic increase in cross-nAb titres till about 1 week after DENV-2 infection. This delay coincided with enhanced DENV-2 viremia indicating that high levels of cross-bAb in the absence of high nAb contributes to enhancement of DENV infection. Serum collected 8 weeks after DENV-2 infection had high levels of nAb and showed delayed antibody dependent enhancement (ADE) of infection (1:100 dilution) as compared with serum that was collected from ZIKV infected animals prior to DENV-2 infection (1:10 dilution). Examination of serum from macaques that were simultaneously infected with both ZIKV and DENV-2 showed high levels of nAb and delayed ADE responses raising the possibility that the low levels of cross-nAb induced by ZIKV infection could be overcome by co-immunization against ZIKV and DENV infection. Taken together, our results provide additional insights into the nature and kinetics of cross-reactive antibody responses and identify a critical correlate that could potentially prevent enhancement of DENV infection during ZIKV convalescence.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Emerging microbes & infections
Zika and the four serotypes of dengue are closely related flaviviruses that share a high degree of structural and sequence homology and co-circulate in many regions of the world. Here, we review recen...
Zika virus (ZIKV) causes severe neurologic complications and fetal aberrations. Vaccine development is hindered by potential safety concerns due to antibody cross-reactivity with dengue virus and the ...
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection a concern to travellers because of potential sexual transmission and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
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An arbovirus in the FLAVIVIRUS genus of the family FLAVIVIRIDAE. Originally isolated in the Zika Forest of UGANDA it has been introduced to Asia and the Americas.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
A viral disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with ZIKA VIRUS. Its mild DENGUE-like symptoms include fever, rash, headaches and ARTHRALGIA. The viral infection during pregnancy, however, may be associated with other neurological and autoimmune complications (e.g., GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME; and MICROCEPHALY).
Techniques involving the demonstration or measurement of an immune response, including antibody production or assay, ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY REACTIONS, serologic cross-reactivity, DELAYED HYPERSENSITIVITY reactions, IMMUNIZATION, or heterogenetic responses.
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Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Tropical Medicine is the study of diseases more commonly found in tropical regions than elsewhere. Examples of these diseases are malaria, yellow fever, Chagas disease, Dengue, Helminths, African trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, Lymphatic filaria...