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In this study, at first, the reproductive consequences of sexed semen use were quantified and then the cost-benefit of sexed semen use on Iranian commercial dairy farms was evaluated. Retrospective data collected during 2006 to 2013 from four large dairy farms in the Isfahan province of Iran were used for this study. These data included of 13,003 heifers records, from which 11.2% used sexed semen from 33 different bulls. All data were analysed using a multivariable logistical regression model, GENMOD procedure from SAS software. The analyses included economic values (EVs) when sexed semen was used in 1, 2 and 3 consecutive services compared with conventional semen use for all insemination. Results showed that rates of female born from sexed semen (86.3%) were 1.8 times higher than those from conventional semen (48.5%). Conception rates were 43.8% for sexed and 59.2% for conventional semen (p < 0.0001). Abortion (4.4% vs. 5.4%) and stillbirth (8.4% vs. 7.2%) rates were not significantly different between sexed and conventional semen (p = 0.09). Dystocia rates were 15.5% for sexed and 19.6% for conventional semen (p = 0.002). Sexed semen use showed negative EVs through all investigated scenarios. The EVs from the implementation of 1, 2 and 3 sexed semen breedings were estimated to be $-6.69, $-14.01 and $-19.08, respectively. Total insemination cost and increased cost of age at first calving were the most important components associated with negative EV for sexed semen. Sensitivity analysis showed that proportion of conception rates of sexed semen to conventional semen and female calf value were the most important biological and economic factors influencing on the EV of sexed semen, respectively. Breakeven would be obtained with 77.4%-79.3% conception rates or female calf value of $719.5-$754.7 through investigated breeding scenarios when all other factors remained the same.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene
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An international organization whose mission is to stimulate world trade and economic progress by offering a forum where governments can collectively develop and refine social and economic policies.
A condition characterized by the complete absence of SEMEN. This disorder should be differentiated from AZOOSPERMIA, absence of sperm in the semen.
The process by which semen is kept viable outside of the organism from which it was derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
A condition of suboptimal concentration of SPERMATOZOA in the ejaculated SEMEN to ensure successful FERTILIZATION of an OVUM. In humans, oligospermia is defined as a sperm count below 20 million per milliliter semen.
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