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A Case of a patient with AIDS and pneumocystis pneumonia complicated by cytomegalovirus pneumonitis.

07:00 EST 1st March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A Case of a patient with AIDS and pneumocystis pneumonia complicated by cytomegalovirus pneumonitis."

We report a case of a 39-year-old male admitted for respiratory failure. On admission, the patient was diagnosed with advanced HIV infection and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP). The patient's condition improved following specific PJP therapy but then deteriorated. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with cytomegalovirus pneumonitis and treated with ganciclovir. The severe course of both opportunistic infections required long-term care at an intensive care unit. Despite complications, the patient was discharged after 108 inpatient days in a stable clinical condition. The case demonstrates a rare coincidence of PJP and cytomegalovirus pneumonitis while also emphasizing the importance of correct diagnosis, treatment and interdisciplinary care which, despite poor prognosis, may lead to successful cure of serious simultaneous opportunistic infections in AIDS.

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Name: Klinicka mikrobiologie a infekcni lekarstvi
ISSN: 1211-264X
Pages: 10-13

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by DYSPNEA, tachypnea, and HYPOXEMIA. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a frequently seen opportunistic infection in AIDS. It is caused by the fungus PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII. The disease is also found in other MAMMALS where it is caused by related species of Pneumocystis.

Infections with species in the genus PNEUMOCYSTIS, a fungus causing interstitial plasma cell pneumonia (PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCYSTIS) and other infections in humans and other MAMMALS. Immunocompromised patients, especially those with AIDS, are particularly susceptible to these infections. Extrapulmonary sites are rare but seen occasionally.

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A species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting humans and causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA. It also occasionally causes extrapulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Its former name was Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis.

Infection of the retina by cytomegalovirus characterized by retinal necrosis, hemorrhage, vessel sheathing, and retinal edema. Cytomegalovirus retinitis is a major opportunistic infection in AIDS patients and can cause blindness.

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