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Oxidative stress contributes to the complex pathophysiology of sickle cell disease. Oral therapy with pharmaceutical-grade l-glutamine (USAN, glutamine) has been shown to increase the proportion of the reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotides in sickle cell erythrocytes, which probably reduces oxidative stress and could result in fewer episodes of sickle cell-related pain.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The New England journal of medicine
A pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE)-like phenotype develops in a subset of patients with inherited hemoglobinopathies. Although PXE tissue changes are thought to develop in the absence of ABCC6 mutations...
Sickle cell disease is a genetic disease commonly affecting people of African, Indian, and Mediterranean descent. Patients with this chronic disease often require lifelong red blood cell transfusions....
Carriers of the sickle cell trait (HbAS) usually remain asymptomatic. However, under conditions of low tissue oxygenation, red blood cell sickling and vascular obstruction may develop. Chronic kidney ...
Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) seem to have higher energy needs than children who do not have the disease. This may be the reason why children and teenagers with sickle cell anemia...
To primary purpose is to evaluate the effect of L-glutamine therapy on exercise endurance and breath by breath exercise response of sickle cell anemia patients The secondary purpose is to...
The primary hypothesis of this study is that glutamine supplementation will improve the erythrocyte glutamine/glutamate ratio, a biomarker of oxidative stress, hemolysis and pulmonary hype...
To determine the retinal and choroidal thickness in patients with sickle cell disease compared to age, race matched population without sickle cell disease to allow a better understanding o...
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and clinical effects of SCD-101 when given to adults with sickle cell disease. SCD-101 inhibits sickling of red blood cells containing ...
One of the sickle cell disorders characterized by the presence of both hemoglobin S and hemoglobin C. It is similar to, but less severe than sickle cell anemia.
An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.
The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.
The period of the CELL CYCLE following DNA synthesis (S PHASE) and preceding M PHASE (cell division phase). The CHROMOSOMES are tetraploid in this point.
An acute purulent infection of the meninges and subarachnoid space caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, most prevalent in children and adults over the age of 60. This illness may be associated with OTITIS MEDIA; MASTOIDITIS; SINUSITIS; RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; sickle cell disease (ANEMIA, SICKLE CELL); skull fractures; and other disorders. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; neck stiffness; and somnolence followed by SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits (notably DEAFNESS); and COMA. (From Miller et al., Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p111)
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...