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Human trafficking exerts psychological effects on survivors that persist after intervention, and even after community reintegration. Effects include anxiety, depression, alienation, disorientation, aggression, suicidal ideation, attention deficit, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Community supports and coping mechanisms may mitigate these effects. The report presented here is part of a long-term program of research to develop and test evidence-informed mental health and human capacity-building intervention programs for women and girls who are victims of trafficking. Structural equation modeling was used to assess a conditional process model (moderated mediation) of the effect of social support, coping, and community reintegration on PTSD among n = 144 girls and women. Participants received psychosocial intervention at a residential care facility for trafficking survivors. Results indicate model fit was excellent. Results indicate community reintegration indirectly influenced PTSD through its effect on perceived social support. Survivors who reported more difficulty reintegrating back into the community perceived less social support than those that reported easier community reintegration, and trafficking survivors who perceived less social support indicated more PTSD. Survivors with more PTSD symptoms tended to report using more dysfunctional coping mechanisms.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Behavioral medicine (Washington, D.C.)
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Policies and programs which ensure that DISPLACED PERSONS and chronic illnesses receive the support and SOCIAL SERVICES needed to live in their communities.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Professionals trained in providing information, guidance, and recommendations to individual clients or families to support their decision making and development of coping skills.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.
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