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Bromelain Kinetics and Mechanism on Myofibril from Golden Pomfret (Trachinotus blochii).

08:00 EDT 18th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Bromelain Kinetics and Mechanism on Myofibril from Golden Pomfret (Trachinotus blochii)."

Bromelain was used to tenderize golden pomfrets (Trachinotus blochii). The enzyme kinetic model was x=2.447×ln[1+(1332.21×E0S0-1.74)t], which indicated that the degree of hydrolysis (DH, x) was dependent on hydrolysis time (t), the initial concentration of myofibril (S ) and bromelain (E ). The relationship between the overall hydrolysis rate (v), S , E , and t is demonstrated as: v=(16.50(E0S0)-1.33)S0 exp {-2.447ln[1+(1332.21E0S0-1.74)t2]}. Sample of 0.40% E /S was further used to study the effects of hydrolysis time on the changes of proteins, peptides, free amino acids (FAA), and protein nanostructure. SDS-PAGE result showed that myosin heavy chain was degraded dramatically from 22.88% before treatment to 12.03% after 2 min bromelain treatment. Meanwhile, bromelain did not exhibit activity towards actin, trypomyosin, myosin light chain, and troponin C. A general increase of amino acids indicated the increased DH and the preferential cleavage sites of bromelain in the descending order of lysine, glutamic acid, glycine, ornithine, methionine sulfoxide, and alanine. Atomic force microscope images showed that the strip-like structure of myofibril was considerably degraded by bromelain, and the granulation of protein after 20 min indicated possible self-assembling of protein hydrolysate. Confocal laser scanning microscopy further confirmed the degradation of myofibril proteins and formation of protein aggregates.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of food science
ISSN: 1750-3841
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A family of microscopic freshwater EUKARYOTA, commonly known as golden algae. They share many features with the BROWN ALGAE but are planktonic rather than benthic. Though most are photosynthetic, they are not considered truly autotrophic since they can become facultatively heterotrophic in the absence of adequate light. In this state they can feed on BACTERIA or DIATOMS.

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