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This study aimed to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of liver stiffness for predicting esophageal variceal grading and the risk of esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB) in cases of cirrhosis. Hematological and biochemical parameters were measured and transient elastography was performed in 88 patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis undergoing endoscopy for esophageal varices. Esophageal varices grade was highly correlated with liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and the liver stiffness spleen diameter-to-platelet score in cirrhosis. Compared with those from endoscopy, the LSM and the liver stiffness spleen diameter-to-platelet score for the absence of esophageal varices were as follows: area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), 0.894/0.926; sensitivity, 0.836/0.818; and specificity, 0.875/1.000, respectively. The AUROC and the sensitivity and specificity of LSM and the liver stiffness spleen diameter-to-platelet score for predicting grade III esophageal varices were 0.954 and 0.901, respectively. The AUROCs of LSM and the liver stiffness spleen diameter-to-platelet score for discriminating grades II and III from grade I or the absence of esophageal varices were 0.958 and 0.941, respectively. We also found that EVB was closely associated with LSM and spleen diameter. The AUROC, sensitivity, and specificity were 0.855/0.819, 0.857/0.875, and 0.747/0.780, respectively. Meanwhile, LSM and spleen diameter were 2 independent factors for predicting EVB. These data suggest that LSM and the liver stiffness spleen diameter-to-platelet score could accurately rule out cirrhosis without esophageal varices and differentiate high- and low-risk patients. Furthermore, LSM and spleen diameter had excellent abilities to predict EVB.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ultrasound quarterly
To assess the diagnostic performance of transient elastography (TE) in detecting the presence and size of esophageal varices (EV) in cirrhotic patients.
Baveno-VI guidelines recommend that patients with compensated cirrhosis with liver stiffness by transient elastography (LSM-TE) 150,000/mm do not need an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) to screen for...
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) is currently recommended in cirrhotic patients to detect the presence of esophageal varices (EV). Spleen stiffness measurement (SSM) with FibroScan has been used...
The development of esophageal varices (EV) and resultant bleeding are the most critical complications of portal hypertension. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis of EV....
Gastroesophageal varices occurs in approximately half of the patients with liver cirrhosis. Variceal bleeding is the most common lethal complication directly from cirrhotic portal hyperten...
Esophageal variceal bleeding is a severe complication of portal hypertension. Banding ligation plus non-selective beta-blockers is the current recommendation for prevention of recurrent bl...
The purpose of this study was to assess whether endoscopic sclerotherapy with Fibrin Sealant was superior to ligature, with or without Polidocanol, in achieving hemostasis in bleeding esop...
Gaastric varices occur in 5-33% of patients with portal hypertension. Concomitant gastro esophageal varices are the most common type. Both endoscopic sclerotherapy and band ligation are ve...
Non-selective beta blockers are commonly used drugs for primary prevention and secondary prevention in patients with cirrhotic decompensated esophageal varices bleeding，the basic heart r...
Control of bleeding performed through the channel of the endoscope. Techniques include use of lasers, heater probes, bipolar electrocoagulation, and local injection. Endoscopic hemostasis is commonly used to treat bleeding esophageal and gastrointestinal varices and ulcers.
Chemical agents injected into blood vessels and lymphatic sinuses to shrink or cause localized THROMBOSIS; FIBROSIS, and obliteration of the vessels. This treatment is applied in a number of conditions such as VARICOSE VEINS; HEMORRHOIDS; GASTRIC VARICES; ESOPHAGEAL VARICES; PEPTIC ULCER HEMORRHAGE.
Surgical venous shunt between the portal and systemic circulation to effect decompression of the portal circulation. It is performed primarily in the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices resulting from portal hypertension. Types of shunt include portacaval, splenorenal, mesocaval, splenocaval, left gastric-caval (coronary-caval), portarenal, umbilicorenal, and umbilicocaval.
UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.
Treatment of varicose veins, hemorrhoids, gastric and esophageal varices, and peptic ulcer hemorrhage by injection or infusion of chemical agents which cause localized thrombosis and eventual fibrosis and obliteration of the vessels.
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...