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The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is highly effective in preventing anogenital cancers, but vaccination rates in the United States remain low. In deciding whether to vaccinate their children, parents are increasingly using the internet to gather information. This study aimed to examine the level of readability of information on HPV vaccines written on 100 websites that were found via an internet search. To create the website sample, the first 50 websites from the search "HPV immunization" were recorded, followed by the first 50 non-duplicated websites from the search "Gardasil." The content of the sites was analyzed using established readability scales. Websites were compared based on keyword search and on whether they had a commercial or non-commercial URL extension. The majority of websites were found to have information of a difficult reading level. Websites with commercial URL extensions and websites found using the search "Gardasil" had higher mean readability scores. These results suggest that many parents may not understand the information currently presented on the internet and that interventions aimed at improving the readability of online information could help to increase parental approval of the vaccine.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics
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Supporting content or information, such as animation, datasets, multimedia files, video, movies, audio files, text files, or software, which is submitted for publication in an online journal or an online edition of a journal. This information may be referenced in the text of the article with a link to the supplementary data provided. CATALOG: do not use
A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.
Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
A secure online website that provides patients convenient 24-hour access to personal health information via an Internet connection.
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Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding, but may not present until later stages of the cancer. Cervical cancer can be treated using surgery (including local excision) in early stages...