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Affinity chromatography based on bacterial immunoglobulin(Ig)-binding proteins represents the cornerstone of therapeutic antibody downstream processing. However, there is a pressing need for more robust affinity ligands that would withstand the harsh column sanitization conditions, while still displaying high selectivity for antibodies. Here, we report the development of linear peptide IgG ligands, identified from combinatorial phage-display library screens. The lead peptide was shown to compete with staphylococcal protein A for IgG Fc region. Trimming analysis and alanine scanning revealed the minimal structural requirements of the peptide for Fc binding, and the minimized peptide GSYWYQVWF recognized all human IgG subtypes. Mutation of glutamine located at the non-essential position 6 to aspartate led to the optimized peptide GSYWYDVWF with 18-fold higher affinity (KD app. 0.6 µM) compared to the parent peptide. When coupled to paramagnetic beads or chromatographic matrix, the optimized ligand was shown to selectively enrich antibodies from complex protein mixtures.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioconjugate chemistry
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An immunolglobulin light chain-like protein composed of an IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION-like peptide (such as light chain like lambda5 peptide) and an IMMUNOGLOBULIN CONSTANT REGION-like peptide (such as Vpreb1 peptide). Surrogate light chains associate with MU IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS in place of a conventional immunoglobulin light chains to form pre-B cell receptors.
A 15 kD "joining" peptide that forms one of the linkages between monomers of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A or IMMUNOGLOBULIN M in the formation of polymeric immunoglobulins. There is one J chain per one IgA dimer or one IgM pentamer. It is also involved in binding the polymeric immunoglobulins to POLYMERIC IMMUNOGLOBULIN RECEPTOR which is necessary for their transcytosis to the lumen. It is distinguished from the IMMUNOGLOBULIN JOINING REGION which is part of the IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION of the immunoglobulin light and heavy chains.
Members of the transforming growth factor superfamily that play a role in pattern formation and differentiation during the pregastrulation and GASTRULATION stages of chordate development. Several nodal signaling ligands are specifically involved in the genesis of left-right asymmetry during development. The protein group is named after a critical region of the vertebrate embryo PRIMITIVE STREAK referred to as HENSEN'S NODE.
A site located in the INTRONS at the 5' end of each constant region segment of a immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene where recombination (or rearrangement) occur during IMMUNOGLOBULIN CLASS SWITCHING. Ig switch regions are found on genes encoding all five classes (IMMUNOGLOBULIN ISOTYPES) of IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS.
That region of the immunoglobulin molecule that varies in its amino acid sequence and composition, and comprises the binding site for a specific antigen. It is located at the N-terminus of the Fab fragment of the immunoglobulin. It includes hypervariable regions (COMPLEMENTARITY DETERMINING REGIONS) and framework regions.
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