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Gluten neuropathy: prevalence of neuropathic pain and the role of gluten-free diet.

08:00 EDT 21st July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Gluten neuropathy: prevalence of neuropathic pain and the role of gluten-free diet."

Peripheral neuropathy is a common extraintestinal manifestation of gluten sensitivity (gluten neuropathy). We aimed to establish the prevalence of neuropathic pain in patients with otherwise idiopathic PN and gluten sensitivity (positive antigliadin, endomysial, and/or transglutaminase antibodies, with or without enteropathy) and to describe any contributory factors.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of neurology
ISSN: 1432-1459
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.

Disorder of the peripheral nerves that primarily impair small nerve fibers. The affected small nerve fibers include myelinated A-delta fibers (see A FIBERS) and unmyelinated C FIBERS. Because these small fibers innervate skin and help control autonomic function, their neuropathy presents with neuropathic pain, reduced thermal and pain sensitivity, and autonomic dysfunction (e.g. abnormal sweating or facial flushing). Small fiber neuropathy can be idiopathic or associated with underlying diseases (e.g., AMYLOIDOSIS; DIABETES MELLITUS; SARCOIDOSIS; or VASCULITIS).

A malabsorption syndrome characterized by collagenous mucosal lesions of the SMALL INTESTINE, atrophy of MICROVILLI, severe malabsorption, diarrhea, and MALNUTRITION often refractory to a gluten-free diet.

A widely distributed purinergic P2X receptor subtype that plays a role in pain sensation. P2X4 receptors found on MICROGLIA cells may also play a role in the mediation of allodynia-related NEUROPATHIC PAIN.

Simple protein, one of the prolamines, derived from the gluten of wheat, rye, etc. May be separated into 4 discrete electrophoretic fractions. It is the toxic factor associated with CELIAC DISEASE.

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