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The adsorption capacity of calcium alginate (Ca-alginate) beads was evaluated by measuring the removal of three organic compounds with different charges (malachite green, p-chlophenol and methyl orange). The diffusion was investigated in Ca-alginate hydrogel as a function of solute charge. It was found that an increased electrostatic attraction between the hydrogel and solute would improve the mobility of solute and hence enhance its adsorption efficiency. The degradation kinetics of charged pollutants by Ca-alginate with NZVI entrapped (NZVI-alginate) beads was compared to that of bare NZVI and the data followed a pseudo-first-order kinetic model. Negatively charged Ca-alginate hydrogel strongly adsorbed positively charged pollutant, which led to an enhancement in degradation rate. However, the degradation efficiency of neutral and negatively charged pollutants by NZVI-alginate was comparable with that by bare NZVI. Thus, the degradation ability of NZVI-alginate was related with the diffusion and adsorption behavior of solutes in Ca-alginate hydrogel. The experimental results showed that the free calcium ions containing in Ca-alginate had a significant impact on the adsorption and degradation behaviors of positively charged pollutant, but those of neutral and negatively charged pollutants were only moderately affected. With the dispersity of NZVI particles in beads (1:1-1:4, w/w) increasing, the degradation efficiency of malachite green was improved, whereas further increase of NZVI dispersity (1:6, w/w) brought about a depressed degradation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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