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The elucidation of surrounding alginate gels on the pollutants degradation by entrapped nanoscale zero-valent iron.

08:00 EDT 17th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The elucidation of surrounding alginate gels on the pollutants degradation by entrapped nanoscale zero-valent iron."

The adsorption capacity of calcium alginate (Ca-alginate) beads was evaluated by measuring the removal of three organic compounds with different charges (malachite green, p-chlophenol and methyl orange). The diffusion was investigated in Ca-alginate hydrogel as a function of solute charge. It was found that an increased electrostatic attraction between the hydrogel and solute would improve the mobility of solute and hence enhance its adsorption efficiency. The degradation kinetics of charged pollutants by Ca-alginate with NZVI entrapped (NZVI-alginate) beads was compared to that of bare NZVI and the data followed a pseudo-first-order kinetic model. Negatively charged Ca-alginate hydrogel strongly adsorbed positively charged pollutant, which led to an enhancement in degradation rate. However, the degradation efficiency of neutral and negatively charged pollutants by NZVI-alginate was comparable with that by bare NZVI. Thus, the degradation ability of NZVI-alginate was related with the diffusion and adsorption behavior of solutes in Ca-alginate hydrogel. The experimental results showed that the free calcium ions containing in Ca-alginate had a significant impact on the adsorption and degradation behaviors of positively charged pollutant, but those of neutral and negatively charged pollutants were only moderately affected. With the dispersity of NZVI particles in beads (1:1-1:4, w/w) increasing, the degradation efficiency of malachite green was improved, whereas further increase of NZVI dispersity (1:6, w/w) brought about a depressed degradation.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
ISSN: 1873-4367
Pages: 233-240

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Pollutants, present in air, which exhibit radioactivity.

Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.

Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.

Synthetic organosiloxane gels that are formed from synthetic polymers of silicone oxide with organic sidechains (polydimethylsiloxane) by lengthening the polymer chains. Unlike silicone elastomers, they are not treated with amorphous silica. They are used as fillers in breast implants.

Substances which pollute the environment. Use for environmental pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.

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