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Most guidelines recommend replacing endoscopic water bottles at least daily with newly sterilized or high-level disinfected water bottles. All these recommendations, however, are mainly based on expert opinions and outbreak reports. We tested the water quality from water bottles used in a gastrointestinal endoscopy unit where water bottles were used up to five days. The results show that the reuse of water bottles for more than one day is inadequate. The expert opinion of changing water bottles daily rather than after five days, is a sensible and safer option.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of hospital infection
West Virginia has had a history of water quality issues. In parallel, the world is facing a plastic pollution crisis. In order to better understand behavioral responses to perceived water quality, a s...
The increasing recycling of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles requires more and more fresh water during washing the bottles. The post-washing wastewater is often treated as effluent, whereas it...
Optimization of the post-acquisition data processing for the non-targeted screening of trace leachable residues from reusable plastic bottles by high performance liquid chromatography coupled to hybrid quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry.
Food safety regulations for food contact materials (FCM) usually rely on the assessment of chemical migration in order to reduce human exposure to chemical residues that could leach from the FCM into ...
Endoscopic tip placement in the pharynx and water flushing interval (FI) may affect exercising upper respiratory tract (URT) endoscopic results.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the stability of vitamin K1 oral liquids in Sterile Water for Injection when stored in amber glass bottles and amber plastic syringes under refrigerated condi...
SODISWATER is a European Union funded health impact assessment study investigating the effect of sunlight to inactivate microbial pathogens in drinking water. This study was done by observ...
The objective of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of sustained ventricular and supraventricular rhythm disorders in patients implanted with a CONTAK RENEWAL TR2 ventricular resynch...
Reusable flexible ureteroscopes are widely used to treat various upper urinary tract diseases including urinary stones. However, they require a long turnover time between procedures becaus...
The purpose of this clinical investigation is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the CONTAK® RENEWAL™ 2/4/4HE cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) family ...
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of the CONTAK RENEWAL 4 AVT device.
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
Incision of Oddi's sphincter or Vater's ampulla performed by inserting a sphincterotome through an endoscope (DUODENOSCOPE) often following retrograde cholangiography (CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY, ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE). Endoscopic treatment by sphincterotomy is the preferred method of treatment for patients with retained or recurrent bile duct stones post-cholecystectomy, and for poor-surgical-risk patients that have the gallbladder still present.
A specialized form of transanal endoscopic surgery for microscopically controlled operations in the RECTUM.
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
Conducting a fine needle biopsy with the aid of ENDOSCOPIC ULTRASONOGRAPHY.