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Xylitol production from lignocellulosic whole slurry corn cob by engineered industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2.

08:00 EDT 20th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Xylitol production from lignocellulosic whole slurry corn cob by engineered industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2."

In this work, the industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 strain, presenting innate capacity for xylitol accumulation, was engineered for xylitol production by overexpression of the endogenous GRE3 gene and expression of different xylose reductases from Pichia stipitis. The best-performing GRE3-overexpressing strain was capable to produce 148.5 g/L of xylitol from high xylose-containing media, with a 0.95 g/g yield, and maintained close to maximum theoretical yields (0.89 g/g) when tested in non-detoxified corn cob hydrolysates. Furthermore, a successful integrated strategy was developed for the production of xylitol from whole slurry corn cob in a presaccharification and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation process (15% solid loading and 36 FPU) reaching xylitol yield of 0.93 g/g and a productivity of 0.54 g/L·h. This novel approach results in an intensified valorization of lignocellulosic biomass for xylitol production in a fully integrated process and represents an advance towards a circular economy.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioresource technology
ISSN: 1873-2976
Pages: 481-491

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Syrup made from corn used widely in foods and beverages as a cheaper alternative sweetener to SUCROSE (common table sugar). It is generated by enzymatic processing of natural corn syrup to produce a liquid most widely composed of 42 or 55% FRUCTOSE, GLUCOSE, and various POLYSACCHARIDES.

Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.

Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)

A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.

An enzyme that plays a role in the PENTOSES and GLUCURONATES interconversion pathway by catalyzing the oxidation of XYLITOL to D-xylulose. This enzyme has been found to be specific for NAD+.

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