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Boosting half-life and effector functions of therapeutic antibodies by Fc-engineering: An interaction-function review.

08:00 EDT 21st July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Boosting half-life and effector functions of therapeutic antibodies by Fc-engineering: An interaction-function review."

Due mainly to their high level of affinity and specificity, therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been frequently selected as treatment for cancer, autoimmune or chronic inflammatory diseases. Despite the increasing number of mAbs and related products in the biopharmaceutical market, they are still expensive, can cause undesired side effects, and eventually cause resistance. Antibody engineering, which emerged to overcome limitations faced by mAb therapy, has supported the development of modified mAbs for immunotherapy. As part of this approach, researchers have invested in obtaining antibody fragments, as well as in Fc region modifications, since interactions with Fc receptors influence an antibody's half-life and mechanism of action. Thus, Fc engineering results in antibodies with more desirable characteristics and functions for which they are intended, creating "fit-for-purpose" antibodies with reduced side effects. Furthermore, aglycosylated antibodies, produced in bacterial cultivation, have been an alternative to create new effector functional human immunotherapeutics, while reducing mAb therapy costs. This review highlights some features that enhance mAb performance, related to the improvement of antibody half-life and effector responses by both Fc-engineering and glycoengineering.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
ISSN: 1879-0003
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inorganic compounds that contain TECHNETIUM as an integral part of the molecule. Technetium 99m (m=metastable) is an isotope of technetium that has a half-life of about 6 hours. Technetium 99, which has a half-life of 210,000 years, is a decay product of technetium 99m.

The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.

Antibodies, often monoclonal, in which the two antigen-binding sites are specific for separate ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS. They are artificial antibodies produced by chemical crosslinking, fusion of HYBRIDOMA cells, or by molecular genetic techniques. They function as the main mediators of targeted cellular cytotoxicity and have been shown to be efficient in the targeting of drugs, toxins, radiolabeled haptens, and effector cells to diseased tissue, primarily tumors.

Chimeric molecules resulting from the fusion of recombinant soluble CD4 to the Fc portion of immunoglobulins. These have potential use in the therapy of AIDS since they possess both the gp120-binding and HIV-blocking properties of rCD4 as well as the long plasma half-life and Fc receptor-binding functions of immunoglobulin.

The first artificially produced element and a radioactive fission product of URANIUM. Technetium has the atomic symbol Tc, atomic number 43, and atomic weight 98.91. All technetium isotopes are radioactive. Technetium 99m (m=metastable) which is the decay product of Molybdenum 99, has a half-life of about 6 hours and is used diagnostically as a radioactive imaging agent. Technetium 99 which is a decay product of technetium 99m, has a half-life of 210,000 years.

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