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Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality found in hospitalized patients with acute heart failure (AHF) and is related to poor prognosis. This study sought to evaluate: (1) the different prognostic impact of dilutional versus depletional hyponatremia, evaluating short- and long-term outcome; (2) the relationship between both types of hyponatremia and intravenous furosemide dose, renal function changes, and persistent congestion at discharge.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cardiorenal medicine
Hyponatremia and atrial fibrillation (AF) have been established as strong predictors for worse clinical outcomes for patients with heart failure (HF). However, less is known about the hyponatremia in ...
Red cell distribution width (RDW) in acute heart failure (AHF) is accepted as a prognostic indicator with unclear pathophysiological ties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of...
Heart failure (HF), a major cardiovascular disorder, remains a grievous clinical condition regardless of advances in medical care. Hyponatremia is classified as a serum sodium concentration of
Renal dysfunction and anaemia are common in patients with acute heart failure (HF). It is not known whether their combined presence has additive prognostic value. We investigated their prognostic valu...
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the commonest cause of valvular heart disease and a common cause of heart failure in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Atrial fibrillation (AF) complicates RHD, precipitates a...
The prospective clinical diagnosis of hyponatremia is often very difficult- but requirement for an appropriate and riskless treatment of hyponatremia. This study try to establish an algori...
This study will clarify the clinical usefulness of Tolvaptan therapy in patients with complicated acute decompensated heart failure and hyponatremia (low blood sodium).
Acute decompensated heart failure is the fastest growing disease in the world and the leading cause of hospital admissions worldwide. Short term mortality and rehospitalization are extreme...
The purpose of this research is to determine if two proteins in the blood are increased during acute heart failure. These two proteins are produced when the heart becomes dysfunctional an...
Hyponatremia occurs frequently in patients with acute brain injury in the days to weeks following injury, and may contribute to adverse outcome. In addition, hyponatremia can aggravate neu...
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
A demyelinating condition affecting the PONS and characterized clinically by an acute progressive QUADRIPLEGIA; DYSARTHRIA; DYSPHAGIA; and alterations of consciousness. Pathologic features include prominent demyelination in the central PONS with sparing of axons and neurons. This condition is usually associated with systemic disorders such as HYPONATREMIA; chronic ALCOHOLISM; LIVER FAILURE; severe BURNS; malignant NEOPLASMS; hemorrhagic PANCREATITIS; HEMODIALYSIS; and SEPSIS. The rapid medical correction of hyponatremia has been cited as a cause of this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1125-6)
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are non-specific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experi...