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Syndecan-4 Modulates Epithelial Gut Barrier Function and Epithelial Regeneration in Experimental Colitis.

08:00 EDT 24th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Syndecan-4 Modulates Epithelial Gut Barrier Function and Epithelial Regeneration in Experimental Colitis."

The transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan Syndecan-4 (Sdc4) plays an important role in the regulation of various inflammatory disorders. However, the involvement of Sdc4 in intestinal inflammation remains unknown. Therefore, we assessed the impact of Sdc4 deficiency on experimental colitis and epithelial wound healing in vitro and in vivo.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Inflammatory bowel diseases
ISSN: 1536-4844
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cell adhesion molecule that is expressed on the membranes of nearly all EPITHELIAL CELLS, especially at the junctions between intestinal epithelial cells and intraepithelial LYMPHOCYTES. It also is expressed on the surface of ADENOCARCINOMA and epithelial tumor cells. It may function in the MUCOSA through homophilic interactions to provide a barrier against infection. It also regulates the proliferation and differentiation of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS.

An immature epithelial tumor of the JAW originating from the epithelial rests of Malassez or from other epithelial remnants of the ENAMEL from the developmental period. It is a slowly growing tumor, usually benign, but displays a marked propensity for invasive growth.

The barrier between capillary blood and alveolar air comprising the alveolar EPITHELIUM and capillary ENDOTHELIUM with their adherent BASEMENT MEMBRANE and EPITHELIAL CELL cytoplasm. PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE occurs across this membrane.

Neoplasms composed of glandular tissue, an aggregation of epithelial cells that elaborate secretions, and of any type of epithelium itself. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the various glands or in epithelial tissue.

A ubiquitously expressed syndecan that is found in all stages of embryonic development and in most adult tissues. Syndecan-4 is found localized to focal adhesion sites in fibronectin-adherent cells and may play a role the process of CELL MIGRATION and CELL PROLIFERATION.

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