Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
During the height of the 2009 H1N1 swine-derived influenza pandemic, a clinical trial was conducted in which seven subjects were immunized using a monovalent, MF59®-adjuvanted vaccine, developed from an egg-passaged candidate vaccine virus (CVV), A/California/07/2009 X-181. Whole blood was collected prior to immunization and at 8, 22, and 202 days post-vaccination, and subjects' serological responses were evaluated. Here, we reconstruct and examine the longitudinal, influenza-specific circulating B cell repertoire of one subject in that study. Genotypic analysis of 390 total subject-derived antibodies (Abs) revealed a total of 29 germline genes in use among immunoglobulin heavy chain variable regions (IgHV), with the majority of those sequences isolated representing memory recall responses and two major lineages dominating the early response. In vitro phenotyping showed a diverse set of binding epitopes on the surface glycoproteins hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA), many of which are considered subdominant. Strong correlations were found between IgHV germline usage among non-related lineages and both binding epitope and neutralization breadth. Results here highlight the potential for Ab responses to be misdirected to egg-adaptive artifacts on CVVs while simultaneously stressing the ability to mount potent, broadly neutralizing responses to mostly novel antigens via recall of subdominant memory responses, as well as the need for evaluating alternative endpoint assays and anti-NA responses following clinical trials.
This article was published in the following journal.
Reduced seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) was observed in individuals who received repeated annual vaccinations. Pre-existing influenza antibody levels were also found inversely correlated...
Antibody repertoire analysis by high throughput sequencing is now widely used, but a persisting challenge is enabling immunologists to explore their data to discover discriminating repertoire features...
This paper discusses the influence of phenology-related intra-seasonal asynchrony on metapopulation dynamics and stability. As the part played by intra-seasonal asynchrony is as yet unclear and poorly...
The human immunoglobulin repertoire is a hugely diverse set of sequences that are formed by processes of gene rearrangement, heavy and light chain gene assortment, class switching and somatic hypermut...
To investigate inter-subject variability with respect to cerebrospinal fluid thickness and brain-scalp distance, and to investigate intra-subject variability with different coil orientations.
The diagnosis of the different forms of inflammatory myopathies (polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion-body myositis...) remains difficult which may lead to unappropriate patient care. ...
The investigators hypothesized that pneumococcal vaccination with either the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine PPV-23 (Pneumovax-23) alone or the 13-valent pneumococcal conjuga...
To determine the immunogenicity of Prevenar in infants immunized at 2, 4 and 6 months of age. To determine the antibody responses to the seven pneumococcal vaccine serotypes one month aft...
Vaccination is the principal means of combating epidemic and pandemic influenza. As vaccines induce relatively strain-specific and short-lived antibody responses, annual immunisation with ...
This study is designed to evaluate the predicted potential of quantitative T cell repertoire (TCR) of T cell receptor chains using next-generation sequencing (NGS) in the treatment of the ...
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Seasonal suspension of insect growth development. It can be either induced by environmental cues (e.g., PHOTOPERIOD) or as a facultative part of the life cycle in order to time development with seasonal changes.
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of ANTIBODIES. It enables the IMMUNE SYSTEM to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of ANTIGENS it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: (1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; (2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and (3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION gene segments during the differentiation of the ANTIBODY-PRODUCING CELLS.
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
Anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody that exerts immunosuppressive effects by inducing peripheral T-cell depletion and modulation of the T-cell receptor complex (CD3/Ti). This biochemically purified IMMUNOGLOBULIN G is obtained through the fusion of mouse myeloma cells to lymphocytes from immunized animals to produce hybridomas that secrete specific antibodies to the T3 (CD3) antigens of human T-lymphocytes. It is often used as an IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE AGENTS in TRANSPLANTATION.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
Swine Flu - H1N1 influenza - H7N9
Swine flu is the common name given to a relatively new strain of influenza (flu) that caused a flu pandemic in 2009-2010. It is also referred to as H1N1 influenza (because it is the H1N1 strain of virus). The H1N1 flu virus will be one of the main vi...