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A comparison between phase-III trials and a phase-IV study of nalmefene in alcohol use disorder patients. Is there a difference?

08:00 EDT 13th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A comparison between phase-III trials and a phase-IV study of nalmefene in alcohol use disorder patients. Is there a difference?"

Concerns regarding the external validity of phase-III trials are common to many medical disciplines, with relevant discrepancies found between experimental and clinical samples in some diseases such as hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the samples included in the pivotal, phase-III clinical trials of nalmefene with that of a recently conducted phase-IV trial. Baseline characteristics of the studies were compared through univariate analysis. Significant differences were found in the percentage of low-risk drinkers included. Differences were also found in the prescription and intake pattern of nalmefene, as well as in the rate of psychiatric and addictive comorbidities, which were much higher in the phase-IV study. These data suggest that in the field of alcohol use disorders there are also relevant differences between experimental and clinical samples, a fact that reinforces the need for phase-III trials to be balanced with observational, phase-IV trials.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Adicciones
ISSN: 0214-4840
Pages: 1046

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Comparative studies to verify the effectiveness of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques determined in phase II studies. During these trials, patients are monitored closely by physicians to identify any adverse reactions from long-term use. These studies are performed on groups of patients large enough to identify clinically significant responses and usually last about three years. This concept includes phase III studies conducted in both the U.S. and in other countries.

The interval between two successive CELL DIVISIONS during which the CHROMOSOMES are not individually distinguishable. It is composed of the G phases (G1 PHASE; G0 PHASE; G2 PHASE) and S PHASE (when DNA replication occurs).

Work that is a report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques after phase II trials. A large enough group of patients is studied and closely monitored by physicians for adverse response to long-term exposure, over a period of about three years in either the United States or a foreign country.

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