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The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of myopia in a population of children in Sweden. Retrospective analysis of children in a region in Sweden referred to eye care from the national health controls of children. Anonymised patient data of prescription of glasses for myopia was used. During the study period 2008 to 2017, 297 children between 4-7 years was prescribed glasses because of myopia. The incidence for myopia increased from 0,13% to 0,36%. The prevalence of myopia for the same group has increased from 0,24% to 0,68% during 2012-2017. The study shows an slight increase of the prevalence of myopia in children in Sweden. Compared to previous research, no considerable rise could be demonstrated. An important weakness of this study is that the outcome measure is not based on refractive values. Therefore further research is needed to confirm if the prevalence of myopia in Sweden is increasing.
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In the nineteenth century, the prevalence of myopia began to rise, and Cohn stressed the role of education. Later, based on twin studies, Sorsby argued that refraction was almost totally genetically d...
The prevalence of myopia in children is increasing worldwide and is viewed as a major public health concern. This increase has driven interest in research into myopia prevention and control in childre...
The prevalence of refractive errors, which closely relates to visual function difficulties, several ocular disorders, and decreased quality of life, varies among countries and populations. One of the ...
Experimental myopia in animal models suggests that bright light can influence refractive error and prevent myopia. Additionally, animal research indicates activation of rod pathways and circadian rhyt...
During the past 30 years, the prevalence rate of myopia has been increased dramatically. Myopia has become one of the leading causes of vision loss in some countries, whereas the mechanism of the main...
The myopia prevalence in schoolchildren is high in Taiwan. The myopia progression is fast in children and often associated high myopia in later life. This prospective and randomized study ...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the increased prevalence of myopia among patients in different periods in an ophthalmologic hospital in Goiania. There has been an increase of myo...
Study of low dose atropine in preventing the onset and progression of myopia in high risk children with pre-myopia or low-myopia.
The purpose of this study is to find out if undercorrection of myopia slow down the progression of myopia in kindergarten children.
Short-sightedness, also called myopia, makes objects in the distance, such as the television, look blurred. This is caused by the eye growing too long, something that usually happens while...
Excessive axial myopia associated with complications (especially posterior staphyloma and CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION) that can lead to BLINDNESS.
Plastic surgery of the SCLERA. This procedure is used frequently to prevent blindness and poor vision in patients, especially children, with MYOPIA.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
NORWAY; SWEDEN; DENMARK; ICELAND; and FINLAND.
Country in northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Finland and Norway. The capital is Stockholm.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...