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Possible increase of myopia prevalence among children in Sweden.

08:00 EDT 24th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Possible increase of myopia prevalence among children in Sweden."

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of myopia in a population of children in Sweden. Retrospective analysis of children in a region in Sweden referred to eye care from the national health controls of children. Anonymised patient data of prescription of glasses for myopia was used. During the study period 2008 to 2017, 297 children between 4-7 years was prescribed glasses because of myopia. The incidence for myopia increased from 0,13% to 0,36%. The prevalence of myopia for the same group has increased from 0,24% to 0,68% during 2012-2017. The study shows an slight increase of the prevalence of myopia in children in Sweden. Compared to previous research, no considerable rise could be demonstrated. An important weakness of this study is that the outcome measure is not based on refractive values. Therefore further research is needed to confirm if the prevalence of myopia in Sweden is increasing.

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Name: Lakartidningen
ISSN: 1652-7518
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Excessive axial myopia associated with complications (especially posterior staphyloma and CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION) that can lead to BLINDNESS.

Plastic surgery of the SCLERA. This procedure is used frequently to prevent blindness and poor vision in patients, especially children, with MYOPIA.

The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)

NORWAY; SWEDEN; DENMARK; ICELAND; and FINLAND.

Country in northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Finland and Norway. The capital is Stockholm.

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